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Open Life Sciences

formerly Central European Journal of Biology

Editor-in-Chief: Ratajczak, Mariusz


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Volume 6, Issue 3

Issues

Volume 10 (2015)

Predatory bug Picromerus bidens communicates at different frequency levels

Andrej Čokl / Alenka Žunič / Meta Virant-Doberlet
Published Online: 2011-04-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11535-011-0015-y

Abstract

The Asopinae (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) are a subfamily of stinkbugs with predaceous feeding habits and poorly understood communication systems. In this study we recorded vibratory signals emitted by Picromerus bidens L. on a non-resonant substrate and investigated their frequency characteristics. Males and females produced signals by vibration of the abdomen and tremulation. The female and male songs produced by abdominal vibrations showed gender-specific time structure. There were no differences in the temporal patterns of male or female tremulatory signals. The signals produced by abdominal vibrations were emitted below 600 Hz whereas tremulatory signals had frequency ranges extending up to 4 kHz. Spectra of male vibratory signals produced by abdominal vibrations contained different peaks, each of which may be dominant within the same song sequence. Males alternated with each other during production of rivalry signals, using different dominant frequency levels. We show that the vibratory song repertoire of P. bidens is broader than those of other predatory stinkbugs that have been investigated. The emission of vibrational signals with different dominant frequencies but the same production mechanism has not yet been described in heteropteran insects, and may facilitate location of individual sources of vibration within a group.

Keywords: Substrate-borne vibrational communication; Picromerus bidens; Signal production; Signal frequency variation

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About the article

Published Online: 2011-04-27

Published in Print: 2011-06-01


Citation Information: Open Life Sciences, Volume 6, Issue 3, Pages 431–439, ISSN (Online) 2391-5412, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11535-011-0015-y.

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© 2011 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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