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Open Life Sciences

formerly Central European Journal of Biology

Editor-in-Chief: Ratajczak, Mariusz


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Volume 6, Issue 3

Issues

Volume 10 (2015)

Spatial and temporal distribution of mineral nutrients and sugars throughout the lifespan of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. flower

Alice Trivellini / Antonio Ferrante / Paolo Vernieri / Giulia Carmassi / Giovanni Serra
Published Online: 2011-04-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11535-011-0025-9

Abstract

Although the physiological and molecular mechanisms of flower development and senescence have been extensively investigated, a whole-flower partitioning study of mineral concentrations has not been carried out. In this work, the distribution of sucrose, total reducing sugars, dry and fresh weight and macro and micronutrients were analysed in Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. petals, stylestigma including stamens and ovary at different developmental stages (bud, open and senescent flowers). Total reducing sugars showed the highest value in petals of bud flowers, then fell during the later stages of flower development whereas sucrose showed the highest value in petals of senescent flowers. In petals, nitrogen and phosphorus content increased during flower opening, then nitrogen level decreased in senescent flowers. The calcium, phosphorus and boron concentrations were highest in ovary tissues whatever the developmental stage. Overall, the data presented suggests that the high level of total reducing sugars prior the onset of flower opening contributes to support petal cells expansion, while the high amount of sucrose at the time of petal wilting may be viewed as a result of senescence. Furthermore, this study discusses how the accumulation of particular mineral nutrients can be considered in a tissue specific manner for the activation of processes directly connected with reproduction.

Keywords: Flower parts; Reducing sugars; Sucrose; Micronutrients; Macronutrients; Flower senescence; Remobilization; Osmoregulation

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About the article

Published Online: 2011-04-27

Published in Print: 2011-06-01


Citation Information: Open Life Sciences, Volume 6, Issue 3, Pages 365–375, ISSN (Online) 2391-5412, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11535-011-0025-9.

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© 2011 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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