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Open Life Sciences

formerly Central European Journal of Biology

Editor-in-Chief: Ratajczak, Mariusz


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Volume 7, Issue 1

Issues

Volume 10 (2015)

Ecological impact of Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber) activity on macroinvertebrate communities in Lithuanian trout streams

Virginija Pliūraitė / Vytautas Kesminas
Published Online: 2011-12-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11535-011-0084-y

Abstract

Our study found that beaver activity affects macroinvertebrate assemblages of both beaver ponds and downstream sites. The percentage composition of the invertebrate faunae of beaver ponds was strikingly different from the invertebrate faunae of upstream forested and downstream sites. The number of EPT (ephemeropteran, plecopteran, trichopteran) taxa in the upstream forested sites in all streams was higher than in beaver pond and downstream sites. Statistically significant differences were found in absolute and relative abundances of EPT and Chironomidae between different streams sites. The absolute and relative abundance of pollution-sensitive EPT was significantly higher in forested sites than in beaver pond and downstream sites in all measured streams. Beaver ponds had a significantly higher absolute and relative abundance of Chironomidae compared with upstream forested and downstream sites. We found that Plecoptera and Coleoptera were absent from beaver pond sites. The absolute abundance of Plecoptera was significantly higher in upstream forested sites than in downstream sites in all three streams. Gatherers were the dominant functional feeding group in relative abundance in all three habitat types. The percentage of gatherers was higher in beaver ponds than in forested and downstream sites.

Keywords: Streams; Beaver; Macroinvertebrates

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About the article

Published Online: 2011-12-25

Published in Print: 2012-02-01


Citation Information: Open Life Sciences, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 101–114, ISSN (Online) 2391-5412, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11535-011-0084-y.

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