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Open Life Sciences

formerly Central European Journal of Biology

Editor-in-Chief: Ratajczak, Mariusz


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2391-5412
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Volume 7, Issue 1

Issues

Volume 10 (2015)

Cholic acid changes defense response to oxidative stress in soybean induced by Aspergillus niger

Djordje Malenčić / Slavko Kevrešan / Milan Popović / Dubravka Štajner / Boris Popović / Biljana Kiprovski / Simonida Djurić
Published Online: 2011-12-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11535-011-0104-y

Abstract

The oxidative stress and antioxidant systems in soybean leaves and roots infected with plant pathogen Aspergillus niger were studied following treatment with different concentrations of cholic acid. Several oxidative stress parameters were analyzed: production of superoxide (O2 ·−) and hydroxyl radicals (·OH), lipid peroxidation (LP), and superoxide dismutase (SOD; EC 1.15.1.1) activity, as well as the content of reduced glutathione (GSH). Results showed that inoculation with A. niger led to the increase of O2 ·− production and GSH quantities in leaves and ·OH in roots. The highest activity of SOD occured in infected plants treated with cholic acid in concentrations of 40 and 60 mg L−1 which ultimately led to a decrease in O2 ·− production. Inoculation with Aspergillus in combination with elevated cholic acid concentrations also increased ·OH production which is correlated with increased LP. These results may support the idea of using cholic acid as an elicitor to trigger hypersensitive response in plant cells. Use of cholic acid may also actively contribute to soybean plants defense response against pathogen attack.

Keywords: Aspergillus niger; Cholic acids; Lipid peroxidation; Oxidative stress; Reactive oxygen species

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About the article

Published Online: 2011-12-25

Published in Print: 2012-02-01


Citation Information: Open Life Sciences, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 132–137, ISSN (Online) 2391-5412, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11535-011-0104-y.

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