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Open Life Sciences

formerly Central European Journal of Biology

Editor-in-Chief: Ratajczak, Mariusz

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Volume 7, Issue 3

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Volume 10 (2015)

Long-term changes in numbers of geese stopping over and wintering in south-western Poland

Andrzej Wuczyński
  • Institute of Nature Conservation, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lower-Silesian Field Station, 50-449, Wrocław, Poland
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/ Bartosz Smyk
  • Institute of Nature Conservation, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lower-Silesian Field Station, 50-449, Wrocław, Poland
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/ Paweł Kołodziejczyk
  • Institute of Nature Conservation, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lower-Silesian Field Station, 50-449, Wrocław, Poland
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/ Wiesław Lenkiewicz
  • Institute of Nature Conservation, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lower-Silesian Field Station, 50-449, Wrocław, Poland
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/ Grzegorz Orłowski / Andrzej Pola
  • Institute of Nature Conservation, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lower-Silesian Field Station, 50-449, Wrocław, Poland
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Published Online: 2012-04-03 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11535-012-0031-6

Abstract

South-western Poland belongs to the key staging areas for geese in Europe, supporting some 100000 birds in recent years. We compared goose counts conducted in the 1970s, 1990s and during 2009–2011 in this region, and linked the findings to the recent assessments of trends in the flyway-populations. Numbers increased several dozen times between the first two counts and have stabilized to the present. More than 14% of the flyway Tundra Bean Goose (Anser fabalis rossicus) stopped over in SW Poland on passage. Smaller numbers of White-fronted Goose (A. albifrons), Greylag Goose (A. anser), and four other rarer species, have all increased since the 1970s. The likely factors responsible for these changes are mild weather conditions, increased availability of large water bodies and shifts in winter ranges of particular species. Temporal mismatch between SW Poland and the total flyways in Bean and White-fronted Geese was recorded when we compared the long-term and the short-term population trends. Increasing reports of other species in SW Poland match the general tendencies in Europe. These data document that regional trends are not a simple reflection of those in flyways as a whole. To understand changes in goose populations a re-established international count network is desired.

Keywords: Population size; Long-term trends; Bird monitoring; Anser; Bean Goose; White-fronted Goose; Migration; Wintering; Silesia

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About the article

Published Online: 2012-04-03

Published in Print: 2012-06-01


Citation Information: Open Life Sciences, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 495–506, ISSN (Online) 2391-5412, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11535-012-0031-6.

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