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Open Life Sciences

formerly Central European Journal of Biology

Editor-in-Chief: Ratajczak, Mariusz


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Volume 7, Issue 4

Issues

Volume 10 (2015)

Rhizobial plasmids — replication, structure and biological role

Andrzej Mazur / Piotr Koper
Published Online: 2012-06-03 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11535-012-0058-8

Abstract

Soil bacteria, collectively named rhizobia, can establish mutualistic relationships with legume plants. Rhizobia often have multipartite genome architecture with a chromosome and several extrachromosomal replicons making these bacteria a perfect candidate for plasmid biology studies. Rhizobial plasmids are maintained in the cells using a tightly controlled and uniquely organized replication system. Completion of several rhizobial genome-sequencing projects has changed the view that their genomes are simply composed of the chromosome and cryptic plasmids. The genetic content of plasmids and the presence of some important (or even essential) genes contribute to the capability of environmental adaptation and competitiveness with other bacteria. On the other hand, their mosaic structure results in the plasticity of the genome and demonstrates a complex evolutionary history of plasmids. In this review, a genomic perspective was employed for discussion of several aspects regarding rhizobial plasmids comprising structure, replication, genetic content, and biological role. A special emphasis was placed on current post-genomic knowledge concerning plasmids, which has enriched the view of the entire bacterial genome organization by the discovery of plasmids with a potential chromosome-like role.

Keywords: Rhizobium; Plasmid; Replication; RepABC; Genome organization

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Published Online: 2012-06-03

Published in Print: 2012-08-01


Citation Information: Open Life Sciences, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 571–586, ISSN (Online) 2391-5412, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11535-012-0058-8.

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