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Open Life Sciences

formerly Central European Journal of Biology

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Removal of Al, Fe and Mn by Pistia stratiotes L. and its stress response

1Department of Agroenvironmental Chemistry and Plant Nutrition, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, 165 21, Prague 6, Czech Republic

2Department of Environmental Geosciences, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, 165 21, Prague 6, Czech Republic

3Department of Soil Science and Soil Protection, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, 165 21, Prague 6, Czech Republic

© 2012 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Citation Information: Open Life Sciences. Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 1037–1045, ISSN (Online) 2391-5412, DOI: 10.2478/s11535-012-0099-z, October 2012

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The influence of different chelates applied in the soil primary on Al and secondary on Fe and Mn mobilization and their removal from solution was investigated. The work compared the efficiency of 10 mM tartaric acid and 3 mM EDTA in soil washing process and accumulation potential of Pistia stratiotes in rhizofiltration process. The plant response on the toxic element Al and other elements Fe and Mn was determined through the nitrogen and free amino acids content in plants. The efficiency of chelates decreased in order 10 mM tartaric acid > deionized water > 3 mM EDTA for all studied elements. P. stratiotes was able to remove up to 90% of elements during the 15 days period. Higher content of toxic element Al and potential toxic elements Fe and Mn were observed in the roots than in the leaves with the increased time. The trend of Al accumulation correlated with Fe accumulation (R2=0.89). Toxicity impact of high level of Al was observed by increased free amino acids (AA) level. Proline, histidine, glutamic acid and glycine were the most synthesised free AA in leaves. Total AA content in leaves was significantly higher under chelates addition compared to control.

Keywords: Water macrophyte; Accumulation; Toxic element; Toxicity; Enhanced rhizofiltration

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