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Open Life Sciences

formerly Central European Journal of Biology

Editor-in-Chief: Ratajczak, Mariusz

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Volume 10, Issue 1


Volume 10 (2015)

Genetic and non-genetic determinants of aggression in combat sports

Piotr Gronek / Dariusz Wieliński
  • Department of Anthropology and Biometrics, University School of Physical Education, Poznań, 61-871, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Joanna Gronek
Published Online: 2014-10-02 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biol-2015-0002


Human aggression/impulsivity-related traits are influenced by complex genetic and non-genetic factors. The aggression/anxiety relationship is controlled by highly conserved brain regions including the amygdala, hypothalamus and periaqueductal gray of the midbrain, which is responsible for neural circuits triggering defensive, aggressive, or avoidant behavioral models. The social behavior network consists of the medial amygdala, medial hypothalamus and periaqueductal gray, and it positively modulates reactive aggression. An important role in the incidence of aggressive behavior is played by secreted factors such as testosterone, glucocorticoids, pheromones, as well as by expression of genes such as neuroligin-2, monoamine oxidase A, serotonin transporters, etc. The authors deliberate whether aggression in sport is advantageous (or even indispensable), or to what extent it can hamper attainment of sport success. Methods of reducing and inhibiting expression of aggression in athletes are indicated.

Keywords: combat sports; aggression; association; impulsivity; polymorphism; genes


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About the article

Received: 2013-06-26

Accepted: 2014-05-07

Published Online: 2014-10-02

Citation Information: Open Life Sciences, Volume 10, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2391-5412, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biol-2015-0002.

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©2015 Piotr Gronek, et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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