Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Open Life Sciences

formerly Central European Journal of Biology

Editor-in-Chief: Ratajczak, Mariusz

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.764
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.787

CiteScore 2018: 0.63

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.266
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.311

ICV 2017: 154.48

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 10, Issue 1


Volume 10 (2015)

Symphyotrichum ciliatum in Romania: trends of spread and invaded plant communities

Culiţă Sîrbu
  • Faculty of Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine „Ion Ionescu de la Brad”, 700490 Iaşi, Romania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Peter Ferus / Pavol Eliaš Jr.
  • Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Slovak University of Agriculture, 94976 Nitra, Slovakia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Costel Samuil
  • Faculty of Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine „Ion Ionescu de la Brad”, 700490 Iaşi, Romania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Adrian Oprea
Published Online: 2015-03-16 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biol-2015-0018


Symphyotrichum ciliatum was reported as invasive in Romania in the early 1970s. In this study we have analysed its invasion history, current distribution in Romania, habitat preferences and the associated plant communities. Data recorded during our recent field work, as well as from herbaria and previously published papers, were used in the analysis. This data confirms its invasive character. Given the abrupt increase in the slope of the invasion curve during the last decade, we can assume that S. ciliatum is still far from reaching the saturation phase of its invasion in Romania. Habitats invaded by this species are mostly anthropogenic herb stands associated with rail and road transport networks, and the continental inland salt steppes. The classical methodology of the Zürich- Montpellier school was used for the field phytosociological research and the classification of the investigated communities was done using the deductive method. The phytocoenoses dominated by S. ciliatum were classified as derivate communities. The description of these communities included data about plant composition, synecology and distribution in the study area.

Keywords: Deductive method; Derivate communities; Distribution map; EUNIS habitats; Invasive neophytes


  • [1] Nesom G.L., Review of the taxonomy of Aster sensu lato (Asteraceae: Astereae), emphasizing the New World species, Phytologia, 1994, 77, 141-297 Google Scholar

  • [2] Brouillet L., Semple J.C., Allen G.A., Chambers K.L., Sundberg S.D., Symphyotrichum Nees, In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (Eds.), Flora of North America, Volume 20, Oxford Univ. Press, New York, Oxford, 2006, http://efloras.org/ florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=132022 Google Scholar

  • [3] Chen Y., Brouillet L., Symphyotrichum Nees, In: Wu Z.Y., Raven P.H., Hong D.Y. (Eds.), Flora of China, Volume 20-21, Science Press, Beijing, and Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, 2011, http://efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_ id=132022 Google Scholar

  • [4] Pop I., Viţălariu G., Erigero canadensis-Brachyactetum ciliatae - o nouă asociaţie ruderală, Contr. Bot. Cluj, 1971, /1971/, 257-262, (in Romanian) Google Scholar

  • [5] Dihoru G., Area limits in the Romanian territory: Brachyactis ciliata (Ledeb.) Ledeb. 1845, Analele Univ. Bucureşti, Biol., 1989, 38, 67-70 Google Scholar

  • [6] Oprea A., Lista critică a plantelor vasculare din România, Univ. „Alexandru Ioan Cuza” Publishing House, Iaşi, 2005, (in Romanian) Google Scholar

  • [7] Chifu T., Mânzu C., Zamfirescu O., Flora & Vegetaţia Moldovei (România), I. Flora, II Vegetaţia, Univ. „Alexandru Ioan Cuza” Publishing House, Iaşi, 2006, (in Romanian) Google Scholar

  • [8] Ciocârlan V., Flora Ilustrată a României. Pteridophyta et Spermatophyta, Ceres Publishing House, Bucureşti, 2009, (in Romanian) Google Scholar

  • [9] Sîrbu C., Oprea A., Plante adventive în flora României, „Ion Ionescu de la Brad” Publishing House, Iaşi, 2011, (in Romanian) Google Scholar

  • [10] Bróż E., Podgórska M., Symphyotrichum ciliatum (Brachyactis ciliata) (Asteraceae) in Poland, Fragm. Florist. Geobot., 2005, 12, 291-299 Google Scholar

  • [11] Mráz P., Chromosome number and DNA ploidy level reports from Central Europe - 1, Biologia (Bratislava), Sect. Bot., 2005, 60, 99-103 Google Scholar

  • [12] Greuter W., The Euro+Med treatment Senecioneae and the minor Compositae tribes - generic concepts and required new names, with an addendum to Cardueae, Willdenowia, 2003, 33, 245-250 Google Scholar

  • [13] Tucharz M., Nobis A., Nobis M., Chromosome data - a useful tool in taxonomy of Symphyotrichum ciliatum, Acta Biol. Cracov., Bot., 2011, 53, 117-119 Google Scholar

  • [14] Gejdeman T.S., Opredelitel’ vysših Rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, 3rd ed., Shtiintza Publishing House, Kisinev, 1986, (in Russian) Google Scholar

  • [15] Tzvelev N.N. (Ed.), Flora Evropejskoj Casti SSSR, Volume 7, Nauka, Petropoli, 1994, (in Russian) Google Scholar

  • [16] Mikoláš V., Brachyactis ciliata (Ledeb.) Ledeb., eine für die Tschechoslowakei neue Art einer Blütenpflanze, Biologia (Bratislava), 1988, 43, 841-848, (abstract) Google Scholar

  • [17] Medvecká J., Kliment J., Májeková J., Halada Ľ., Zaliberová M., Gojdičová E., et al., Inventory of the alien flora of Slovakia, Preslia, 2012, 84, 257-309 Google Scholar

  • [18] Mosyakin S.L., Fedoronchuk M.M., Vascular plants of Ukraine. A nomenclatural checklist, M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, 1999 Google Scholar

  • [19] Vespremeanu-Stroe A., Cheval S., Tătui F., The wind regime of Romania - characteristics, trends and North Atlantic oscillation influences, Forum Geogr. Stud. Cerc. Geogr. Prot. Mediului, 2012, 11, 118-126 Google Scholar

  • [20] Cousens R., Dytham C., Law R., Dispersal in plants. A population perspective, Oxford University Press Inc., New York, 2008 Google Scholar

  • [21] Botschantzev V.P., Genus Brachyactis Ldb., In: Schischkin B.K. (Ed.), Flora USSR, Volume 25, pp. 178-180, Smithsonian Institution Libraries, Washington, 1999 (Translation in English from Russian: Flora SSSR, 25, Akademia Nauk, Moskow- Leningrad, 1959) Google Scholar

  • [22] Jones A.G., Aster & Brachyactis (Asteraceae) in Oklahoma, Sida Bot. Misc., 1992, 8, 1-46 Google Scholar

  • [23] Faber-Langendoen D. (Ed.), Plant communities of the Midwest: classification in an ecological context, Association for Biodiversity Information VA Press, Arlington, 2001 Google Scholar

  • [24] Oprea A., Sîrbu C., Paraschiv N.L., Flora şi vegetaţia de la gara-triaj Socola-Iaşi. II. Vegetaţia, Lucr. Sti. Univ. „Ion Ionescu de la Brad” Iaşi, Ser. Agricult., 1998, 41, 58-69, (in Romanian) Google Scholar

  • [25] Szymański W.M., Nowe stanowiska Symphyotrichum ciliatum (Asteraceae) w Polsce. Fragm. Florist. Geobot., 2010, 17(2), 415-416, (in Polish) Google Scholar

  • [26] Viţălariu G., Zanoschi V., Turenschi E., Noi contribuţii la cunoaşterea vegetaţiei nitrofile, Anuarul Muz. Sti. Nat. Piatra Neamţ, Bot.-Zool., 1979, 4, 109-115, (in Romanian) Google Scholar

  • [27] Filipaş L., Cristea V., De nouveaux „convives” parmi les cormophytes du municipe Cluj-Napoca, Contr. Bot. Cluj, 2006, 41, 17-21 Google Scholar

  • [28] Viţălariu G., Contribuţii la cunoaşterea vegetaţiei ruderale din Moldova, Stud. Comun. Muz. Şti. Nat. Bacău, Ser. Biol. veg., 1973, /1973/, 333-342, (in Romanian) Google Scholar

  • [29] Mititelu D., Ştefan N., Two new plant associations, Rev. Roumaine Biol., Sér. Bot., 1988, 33, 71-74 Google Scholar

  • [30] Viţălariu G., Horeanu C., Duchesneetum indicae - o nouă asociaţie, Anuarul Muz. Sti. Nat. Suceava, 1991, 11, 19-21, (in Romanian) Google Scholar

  • [31] Oprea A., A new association in the vegetation of Romania: Panico capillare-Kochietum sieversianae nova ass., Rev. Roumaine Biol., Sér. Bot., 1999, 44, 141-145 Google Scholar

  • [32] Nobis M., Nobis A., Nowak A., Typhetum laxmannii (Ubrizsy 1961) Nedelcu 1968 - the new plant association in Poland, Acta Soc. Bot. Poloniae, 2006, 75, 325-332 Google Scholar

  • [33] Kopecký K., Dostálek J., Frantík T., The use of the deductive method of syntaxonomic classification in the system of vegetational units of the Braun-Blanquet approach, Vegetatio, 1995, 117, 95-112 Google Scholar

  • [34] Holmgren P.K., Holmgren N.H., Barnett L.C. (Eds.), Index Herbariorum. Part I: The Herbaria of the World [Regnum Veg. vol. 120], New York Botanical Garden Press, New York, 1990 Google Scholar

  • [35] Davies C.E., Moss D., O Hill M., EUNIS Habitat Classification Revised 2004, European Environment Agency, European topic Centre on Nature Protection and Biodiversity, 2004, http:// www.searchmesh.com/pdf/GMHM1%20EUNIS Habitat_Classification_ Revised_2004 Google Scholar

  • [36] Braun-Blanquet J., Pflanzensoziologie, 3rd ed., Springer- Verlag, Wien, New York, 1964 Google Scholar

  • [37] Borza A, Boşcaiu N., Introducere în studiul covorului vegetal, Academia R. P. Române Publishing House, Bucureşti, 1965, (in Romanian) Google Scholar

  • [38] Ivan D., Fitocenologie şi vegetaţia Republicii Socialiste România, Didactică şi Pedagogică Publishing House, Bucureşti, 1979, (in Romanian) Google Scholar

  • [39] Cristea V., Gafta D., Pedrotti F., Fitosociologie, Presa Universitară Clujeană Publishing House, Cluj-Napoca, 2004, (in Romanian) Google Scholar

  • [40] Lehrer A.Z., Lehrer M.M., Cartografierea faunei şi florei României (coordonate arealografice, Ceres Publishing House, Bucureşti, 1990, (in Romanian) Google Scholar

  • [41] Chirilă C., Ciocârlan V., Berca M., Atlasul principalelor buruieni din România, Ceres Publishing House, Bucureşti, 2002, (in Romanian) Google Scholar

  • [42] Pyšek P., Prach K., Plant invasions and the role of riparian habitats: a comparison of four species alien to central Europe, J. Biogeogr., 1993, 20, 413-420 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [43] Sanda V., Öllerer K., Burescu P., Fitocenozele din România. Sintaxonomie, structură, dinamică şi evoluţie, Ars Docenti Univ. Bucureşti Publishing House, Bucureşti, 2008, (in Romanian) Google Scholar

  • [44] Coldea G. (ed.), Les association végétales de Romanie, Tome 2, Les associations anthropogènes, Presa Universitară Clujeană Publishing House, Cluj-Napoca, 2012 Google Scholar

  • [45] Mucina L., Grabherr G., Ellmauer T., Die Pflanzengesellschaften Osterreichs, Teil. I. Anthropogene Vegetation. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena, Stuttgart, 1993 Google Scholar

  • [46] Borhidi A., Magyarország növénytársulásai, Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, 2003, (in Hungarian) Google Scholar

  • [47] Jarolímek I., Zaliberová M., Mucina L., Mochnacký S., Vegetácia Slovenska. 2. Synantropná vegetácia, Veda Press, Bratislava, 1997, (in Slovakian) Google Scholar

  • [48] Dostálek J., Application of the algorithm of the deductive method of syntaxonomic classification on an example of trampled communities in the Biosphere Reserve Křivoklátsko (Central Bohemia), Feddes Repert., 1996, 107, 103- 133 Google Scholar

  • [49] Dostálek J., Die Entwicklung von Pflanzengesellschaften auf entblößten Ruderalstandorten im LSG Křivoklátsko (Mittelböhmen). Anwendung eines Algorithmus zur deduktiven syntaxonomischen Klassifizierung, Feddes Repert., 1997, 108, 233-257 Google Scholar

  • [50] Kopecký K., Hejný S., Ruderalni spolocenstva bylin Ceske Republiky, Academia, Praha, 1992, (in Czech) Google Scholar

  • [51] Chytrý M., Tichý L., Diagnostic, constant and dominant specie of vegetation classes and alliances of the Czech Republic: a statistical revision, Folia Fac. Sci. Nat. Univ. Masaryk. Brun., Biol., 2003, 108, 1-231 Google Scholar

  • [52] Kopecký K., Hejný S., A new approach to the classification of anthropogenic plant communities, Vegetatio, 1974, 29, 17-20 Google Scholar

  • [53] Kopecký K., Hejný S., Die stauden- und grasreichen Ruderalgesellschaften Böhmens unter Anwendung der deduktiven Methode der syntaxonomischen Klassifizierung, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 1990, 25, 357-380 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [54] Csűrös Ş., Csűrös-Káptalan M., Teoria indicatorilor vegetali, în serviciul producţiei agricole, Stud. Univ. Babeş-Bolyai, Ser. 2., Biol., 1974, 2, 16-22, (in Romanian) Google Scholar

  • [55] Ellenberg H., Weber H., Düll R., Wirth V., Werner W., Pauliβen D., Indicator values of plants in Central Europe, Scripta Geobot., 1992, 18, 1-166 Google Scholar

  • [56] Bucur N., Dobrescu C., Turcu G., Lixandru G., Teşu C., Dumbravă I., et al., Contribuţiuni la studiul halofiliei plantelor de păşuni şi fâneţe de sărătură din depresiunea Jijia - Bahlui (partea a I-a), Stud. Cercet. Biol. Şti. Agric. (Iaşi), 1957, 8, 277-321, (in Romanian) Google Scholar

  • [57] Bucur N., Dobrescu C., Turcu G., Lixandru G., Teşu C., Contribuţii la studiul halofiliei plantelor de păşuni şi fâneţe de sărătură din depresiunea Jijia - Bahlui (partea a II-a), Stud. Cercet. Biol. Şti. Agric. (Iaşi), 1960, 11, 333-347, (in Romanian) Google Scholar

  • [58] Bucur N., Dobrescu C., Turcu G., Lixandru G., Teşu C., Contribuţii la studiul halofiliei plantelor de păşuni şi fâneţe de sărătură din depresiunea Jijia-Bahlui (partea a III-a), Stud. Cercet. Biol. Şti. Agric. (Iaşi), 1961, 12, 169-190, (in Romanian) Google Scholar

  • [59] Peck J.E., Multivariate Analysis for Community Ecologists, MjM Software Design, Gleneden Beach, OR, 2010 Google Scholar

  • [60] Tutin T.G., Heywood V.H., Burges N.A., Moore D.M., Valentine D.H., Walters S.M. et al. (Eds.), Flora Europaea, 1st ed., Volume 1-5, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1964-1980 Google Scholar

  • [61] Tutin T.G., Burges N.A., Chater A.O., Edmonson J.R., Heywood V.H., Moore D.M., et al. (Eds.), Flora Europaea, 2nd ed., Volume 1 (Psilotaceae to Platanaceae), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1993 Google Scholar

  • [62] Dancza I., Ruderális növénytársulások a Zalai-Dumbvidéken, Kanitzia, 2003, 11, 133-223, (in Hungarian) Google Scholar

  • [63] Kovács J.A., Syntaxonomical checklist of the plant communities of Szeklerlands (Eastern Transylvania). Kanitzia, 2004, 12, 75-149 Google Scholar

  • [64] Barkman 1989, Fidelity and character-species, a critical evaluation, Vegetatio, 1989, 85, 105-116 Google Scholar

  • [65] Chytrý M., Tichý L., Holt J., Botta-Dukát Z., Determination of diagnostic species with statistical fidelity measures, J. Veg. Sci., 2002, 13, 79-90 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [66] Bruelheilde H., A new measure of fidelity and its application to defining species groups, J. Veg. Sci., 2000, 11, 167-178 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [67] Duan D., Liu X., Khan M.A., Gul B., Effects of salt and water stress on the germination of Chenopodium glaucum L. seed, Pakistan J. Bot., 2004, 36, 793-800 Google Scholar

  • [68] Ştefan N., Sârbu I., Oprea A., Contribution to the study of Romania’s vegetation (II), Bul. Grăd. Bot. Iaşi, 1997, 6, 275-286 Google Scholar

  • [69] Eliáš P. jr., Dítě D., Grulich V., Sádovský M., Distribution and communities of Crypsis aculeata and Heleochloa schoenoides in Slovakia, Hacquetia, 2008, 7, 5-20 Google Scholar

  • [70] Alpert P., Bone E., Holzapfel C., Invasiveness, invasibility and the role of environmental stress in the spread of non-native plants, Perspect. Pl. Ecol. Evol. Syst., 2000, 3, 52-66 Google Scholar

  • [71] Stohlgren T.J., Beyond theories of plant invasion: lessons from natural landscapes, Comments Theor. Biol., 2002, 7, 355-379 Google Scholar

  • [72] Hierro J.L., Villarreal D., Eren Ö., Graham J.M., Callaway R.M., Disturbance facilitates invasion: the effects are stronger abroad than at home, Amer. Naturalist, 2006, 168, 144-156 Google Scholar

  • [73] Sîrbu C., Oprea A., Samuil C., Tănase C., Neophyte invasion in Moldavia (Eastern Romania) in different habitat types, Folia Geobot., 2012, 47, 215-229 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [74] Bomanowska A., Adamowski W., Alien plant species in secondary succession, Thaiszia - J. Bot., 2012, 22, 109-129 Google Scholar

  • [75] Yurkonis K. A., Meiners S. J., Invasion impacts local species turnover in a successional system. Ecology Letters, 2007, 7, 764-769 Google Scholar

  • [76] Basset I.J., Crompton C.W., The biology of Canadian weeds. 11. Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. and A. psilostachya DC., Can. J. Plant Sci., 1975, 55, 463-476 Google Scholar

  • [77] Weaver S. E., The biology of Canadian weeds. 115. Conyza canadensis, Can. J. Plant Sci., 2001, 81, 867-875 Google Scholar

  • [78] Sîrbu C., Chorological and phytocoenological aspects regarding the invasion of some alien plants, on the Romanian territory, Acta Horti Bot. Bucurest., 2008, 35, 60-68 Google Scholar

  • [79] Lososová Z., Otýpková Z., Sádlo J., Láníková D., Annual vegetation of arable land and ruderal habitats, In: Chytrý M. (Ed.), Vegetace České Republiky, Volume 2, Ruderální, plevelová, skalní a suťová vegetace, pp. 73-205, Academia, Praha, 2009 Google Scholar

  • [80] Mucina L., Conspectus of classes of European vegetation, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 1997, 32, 117-172 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [81] Soó R., A Magyar Flóra és Vegetáció. Rendszertani-Növényföldrajzi Kézikönyve, Volume 5. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, 1973, (in Hungarian) Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2012-12-16

Accepted: 2013-06-16

Published Online: 2015-03-16

Citation Information: Open Life Sciences, Volume 10, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2391-5412, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biol-2015-0018.

Export Citation

©2015 Culiţă Sîrbu et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in