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Open Life Sciences

formerly Central European Journal of Biology

Editor-in-Chief: Ratajczak, Mariusz


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2391-5412
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Volume 10, Issue 1

Issues

Volume 10 (2015)

Antifungal activity of some botanical extracts on Fusarium oxysporum

Domenico Rongai
  • Consiglio per la ricerca e la sperimentazione in agricoltura, Centro di ricerca per la patologia vegetale, via C.G Bertero, 22 - 00156 Roma, Italy
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Patrizio Pulcini
  • Consiglio per la ricerca e la sperimentazione in agricoltura, Centro di ricerca per la patologia vegetale, via C.G Bertero, 22 - 00156 Roma, Italy
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Barbara Pesce
  • Consiglio per la ricerca e la sperimentazione in agricoltura, Centro di ricerca per la patologia vegetale, via C.G Bertero, 22 - 00156 Roma, Italy
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Filomena Milano
  • Consiglio per la ricerca e la sperimentazione in agricoltura, Centro di ricerca per la patologia vegetale, via C.G Bertero, 22 - 00156 Roma, Italy
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-09-14 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biol-2015-0040

Abstract

The present paper describes the antifungal activity of some plant extracts on the development of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici. The best extracts were selected to be tested as a phytofungicide to control crop diseases, with the ultimate goal of developing a green alternative to synthetic fungicides. Using the conidia germination assay, of the 24 plant extracts tested, 15 reduced conidia germination and 6 completely inhibited germination. Extracts of Rivina humulis, Brassica carinata, Brunfelsia calyicina, Salvia guaranitica and Punica granatum showed good antifungal activity. The relationship between total phenolic content (TPC) in each plant extract tested and the percentage of mycelial growth inhibition showed a significant correlation (R2 = 0.69), while no correlation was found between total flavonoid content (TFC) and percentage mycelial growth inhibition. Among all extracts tested, Punica granatum and Salvia guaranitica showed the best inhibitory effect against Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici . Our results indicate that plant extracts with a good antifungal activity generally had a high level of total polyphenolic content and titratable acidity, and low values of pH.

Keywords: Fusarium; plant extract; antifungal activity; protectant fungicide

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About the article

Received: 2014-03-05

Accepted: 2014-10-13

Published Online: 2015-09-14


Citation Information: Open Life Sciences, Volume 10, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2391-5412, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biol-2015-0040.

Export Citation

©2015 Domenico Rongai, et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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