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Biological Letters

The Journal of Adam Mickiewicz University, Faculty of Biology; Poznan Society for the Advancement of the Arts and Sciences

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Selection of native isolates of Beauveria bassiana (Ascomycota, Hypocreales) for the control of the coffee borer beetle Hypothenemus hampei (Scolytinae) in Brazil

Leandro Dalvi
  • Departamento de Produção Vegetal, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (CCA-UFES), Alegre-ES, Brazil
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Dirceu Pratissoli
  • NUDEMAFI, Centro de Ciências Agrárias da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (CCA-UFES), Alegre-ES, Brazil
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Ricardo Polanczyk
  • Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita, Filho" (UNESP), Jaboticabal-SP, Brazil
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Gilberto Andrade
  • Departamento de Ciências Agrárias e Biológicas, Centro Universitário Norte do Espírito Santo (CEUNES), Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, São Mateus-ES, Brazil
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2011-12-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10120-011-0006-8

Selection of native isolates of Beauveria bassiana (Ascomycota, Hypocreales) for the control of the coffee borer beetle Hypothenemus hampei (Scolytinae) in Brazil

Hypothenemus hampei (coffee borer beetle or coffee berry borer) is the main pest of coffee Coffea spp. in the world. The aim of this study was to select native isolates of the ascomycete Beauveria bassiana for biological control of this pest. We collected 27 isolates on H. hampei from the state of Espírito Santo in Brazil. Isolates CCA-UFES/Bb-15, Bb-11, Bb-4 and Bb-18 were selected, with confirmed beetle mortality of > 60% after spraying with a suspension of 105 conidia/mL. The median lethal concentration (LC50) of these isolates varied from 4.0 × 104 to 7.9 × 104 conidia/mL. The standard isolate (ESALQ-447) showed the highest conidiogenesis, with 8.5 × 106 conidia, followed by CCA-UFES/Bb-18, Bb-11, Bb-15 and Bb-4, all exceeding 4 × 106. Isolates CCA-UFES/Bb-4, Bb-11, Bb-15, and Bb-18 have a potential to control H. hampei.

Keywords: Coffee; conidiogenesis; entomopathogenic fungus; biological control

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About the article


Published Online: 2011-12-25

Published in Print: 2011-01-01


Citation Information: Biological Letters, ISSN (Online) 1734-7467, ISSN (Print) 1644-7700, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10120-011-0006-8.

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