Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Biologia




More options …
Volume 61, Issue 5

Issues

Micro-habitat use within a guild of newt larvae (Trituridae) in an Alpine lake

Milan Vogrin
Published Online: 2006-10-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-006-0093-x

Abstract

Population and ecological parameters such as numbers of larvae, microhabitat use, niche breadth and niche overlap of three species of syntopic larval newts (Alpine newt Triturus alpestris, Italian crested newt T. carnifex, and common newt T. vulgaris) were studied for two years in a small pond at 1160 m a.s.l. in NE Slovenia. Differences in microhabitat partitioning among larval newts were small. The largest niche breadth was estimated for larval T. alpestris, and the narrowest estimate was for larval T. carnifex in both years. Ecological differences seem to be very small and quite variable among sites and years. It appears that the developmental stage and size of newt larvae are more important in explaining resource partitioning than the characteristics of each species. Because of the absence of potential invertebrate predators and adult newts in the second half of the breeding season, the injuries could only be caused by intra-and interspecific predation attempts.

Keywords: Triturus spp; newts; larvae; ecology; microhabitat partitioning

  • [1] Anderson, J.D., Hassinger, D.D. & Dalrymple, G.H. 1971. Natural mortality of eggs and larvae of Ambystoma tigrinum. Ecology 52: 1107–1112. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1933820CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [2] Andreone, F. & Giacoma, C. 1989. Breeding dynamics of Triturus carnifex at a pond in nordwestern Italy (Amphibia, Urodela, Salamandridae). Holarct. Ecol. 12: 219–223. Google Scholar

  • [3] Arntzen, J.W. & Borkin, L. 1997. Triturus superspecies cristatus (Laurenti, 1768), pp. 76–77. In: Gasc, J.-P., Cabela, A., Crnobrnja-Isailović, J., Dolmen, D., Grossenbacher, K., Haffner, P., Lescure, J., Martens, H., Martinez Rica, J.P., Maurin, H., Oliveira, M.E., Sofianidou, T.S., Veith, M. & Zuiderwijk, A. (eds) Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Europe, Societas Europaea Herpetologica & Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle (IEGB/SPN), Paris. Google Scholar

  • [4] Avery, R.A. 1968. Food and feeding relations of three species of Triturus (Amphibia, Urodela) during the aquatic phase. Oikos 19: 408–412. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3565028CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [5] Babik, W. 1998. Intrageneric predation in larval newts (Triturus, Salamandridae, Urodela). Amphibia — Reptilia 19: 446–450. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [6] Braz, E. & Joly, P. 1994. Micro-habitat use, resource partitioning and ecological succession in a size-structured guild of newt larvae (Triturus, Caudata, Amphibia). Arch. Hydrobiol. 131: 129–139. Google Scholar

  • [7] Brockelman, W.Y. 1969. Analysis of density effects and predation in Bufo americanus tadpoles. Ecology 50: 632–644. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1936252CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [8] Colwell, R.K. & Fuentes, E.R. 1975. Experimental studies of the niche. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 6: 281–310. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.06.110175.001433CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [9] Colwell, R.K. & Futuyma, D.J. 1971. On the measurement of niche breadth and overlap. Ecology 52: 567–576. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1934144CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [10] Connel, J.H. 1975. Some mechanisms producing structure in natural communities: a model and evidence from field experiments, pp. 460–490. In: Cody, M.L. & Diamond, J.M. (eds) Ecology and evolution of communities, Belknap Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Google Scholar

  • [11] Crump, M.L. 1982. Amphibian Reproductive Ecology on the Community Level, pp. 21–36. In: Scott, N.J., Jr. (ed.) Herpetological communities, Wildlife Research Reports, Washington D.C. Google Scholar

  • [12] Dolmen, D. 1988. Coexistence and niche segregation in the newts Triturus vulgaris (L.) and T. cristatus (Laurenti). Amphibia — Reptilia 9: 365–374. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [13] Dolmen, D. & Koksvik, J.I. 1983. Food and feeding habits of Triturus vulgaris (L.) and T. cristatus (Laurenti). Amphibia — Reptilia 4: 17–24. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [14] Faber, H. 1996. Saisonale Dynamik der Geschlechterrelation beim Bergmolch, Triturus alpestris alpestris (Laurenti, 1768), im aquatischen Lebenstraum. Herpetozoa 8: 125–134. Google Scholar

  • [15] Glandt, D. 1978. Notizen zur Populationsökologie einheimischer Molche (Gattung Triturus) (Amphibia: Urodela: Salamandriade). Salamandra 14: 9–28. Google Scholar

  • [16] Glandt, D. 1980. Die quantitative Vertikalverbreitung der Molch-Arten, Gattung Triturus (Amphibia, Urodela) in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Bonn. Zool. Beitr. 31: 97–109. Google Scholar

  • [17] Griffiths, R.A. 1987. Microhabitat and seasonal niche dynamics of smooth and palmate newts, Triturus vulgaris vulgaris and T. helveticus, at a pond in Mid-Wales. J. Anim. Ecol. 56: 441–451. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/5059CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [18] Griffiths, R.A. 1996. Newts and salamanders of Europe. Princeton University Press, London, 224 pp. Google Scholar

  • [19] Griffiths, R.A., De Wijer, P. & May, R.T. 1994. Predation and competition within an assemblage of larval newts (Triturus). Ecography 17: 176–181. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0587.1994.tb00091.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [20] Gutleb, B. 1991. Populationsökologische Untersuchungen am Bergmolch im Nationalpark Nockberge. Kärnter Nationalpark-Schriften, Bd. 6, 68 pp. Google Scholar

  • [21] Heyer, W.R., Donnely, M.A., McDiarmid, R.W., Hayek, L.-A.C. & Foster, M.S. (eds) 1994. Measuring and monitoring biological diversity. Standard methods for amphibians, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, 364 pp. Google Scholar

  • [22] Hulbert, S.H. 1978. The measurement of niche overlap and some relatives. Ecology 59: 67–77. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1936632CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [23] Jehle, R., Bouma, P., Sztatecsny, M. & Arntzen, J.W. 2000. High aquatic niche overlap in the newts Triturus cristatus and Triturus marmoratus (Amphibia, Urodela). Hydrobiologia 437: 149–155. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1026554907400CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [24] Joly, P. & Giacoma, C. 1992. Limitation of similarity and feeding habits in three syntopic species of newts (Triturus, Amphibia). Ecography 15: 401–411. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0587.1992.tb00050.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [25] Kletecki, E. 1995. Population density, space arrangement and sex ratio for sympatric populations of three species of newts in two puddles in Zumberak, Croatia, pp. 141–153. In: Llorente, G.A., Montori, A., Santos, X. & Carreto, M.A. (eds) Scientia Herpetologica, Asociación Herpetológica Espańola, Barcelona. Google Scholar

  • [26] Kuzmin, S.I. 1991. Food resource allocation in larval newt guilds (genus Triturus). Amphibia — Reptilia 12: 293–304. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [27] Kuzmin, S.L. & Zuierwijk, A. 1997. Triturus vulgaris (Linnaeus, 1758), pp. 88–89. In: Gasc, J.-P., Cabela, A., Crnobrnja-Isailović, J., Dolmen, D., Grossenbacher, K., Haffner, P., Lescure, J., Martens, H., Martinez Rica, J.P., Maurin, H., Oliveira, M.E., Sofianidou, T.S., Veith, M. & Zuiderwijk, A. (eds) Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Europe, Societas Europaea Herpetologica & Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle (IEGB/SPN), Paris. Google Scholar

  • [28] MacArthur, R.H. & Levins, R. 1967. The limiting similarity, convergence and divergence of coexisting species. Am. Nat. 101: 377–385. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/282505CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [29] Marincek, L. 1987. Bukovi gozdovi na Slovenskem. Delavska enotnost, Ljubljana, 152 pp. Google Scholar

  • [30] Nöllert, C. & Nöllert, A. 1992. Die Amphibien Europas. Bestimmung-Gefährdung-Schutz. Franckh-Kosmos, Stuttgart, 382 pp. Google Scholar

  • [31] Pianka, E.R. 1974. Niche overlap and diffuse competition. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 71: 2141–2145. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.71.5.2141CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [32] Schabetsberger, R. & Jersabek, D.C. 1995. Alpine newts (Triturus alpestris) as top predators in a high-altitude karst lake: daily food consumption and impact on the copepod Arctodiaptomus alpinus. Freshwater Biol. 33: 47–61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.1995.tb00385.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [33] Schoener, T.W. 1974. Resource partitioning in ecological communities. Science 185: 27–39. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.185.4145.27CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [34] Shaffer, H.B., Alford, R.A., Woodward, B.D., Richards, S.J., Altig, R.G. & Gascon, C. 1994. Quantitative sampling of amphibian larvae, pp. 130–141. In: Heyer, W.R., Donnely, M.A., McDiarmid, R.W., Hayek, L.-A.C. & Foster, M.S. (eds) Measuring and monitoring biological diversity, Standard methods for amphibians, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington. Google Scholar

  • [35] Sokal, R.R. & Rohlf, F.J. 1995. Biometry. The principles and practice of statistics in biological research. W. H. Freeman and Company, New York, 859 pp. Google Scholar

  • [36] Stenhouse, S.L. 1985. Interdemic variation in predation on salamander larvae. Ecology 66: 1706–1717. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2937366CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [37] Stenhouse, S.L., Hairson, N.G. & Cobey, A.E. 1983. Predation and competition in Ambystoma larvae: field and laboratory experiments. J. Herpetol. 17: 210–220. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1563822CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [38] Szymura, J. 1974. A competitive situation in the larvae of four sympatric species of newts (Triturus cristatus, T. alpestris, T. montadoni, and T. vulgaris) living in Poland. Acta Biol. Cracov. 6: 235–262. Google Scholar

  • [39] Wenzel, S., Jagla, W. & Henle, K. 1995. Abundanzdynamik and Laichplatztreue von Triturus cristatus und Triturus vulgaris in zwei Kleingewässern einer Auskiesung bei St. Augustin (Nordrhein-Westfalen). Salamandra 31: 209–230. Google Scholar

  • [40] Zuiderwijk, A. 1997. Triturus alpestris (Laurenti, 1768), pp. 72–73. In: Gasc, J.-P., Cabela, A., Crnobrnja-Isailović, J., Dolmen, D., Grossenbacher, K., Haffner, P., Lescure, J., Martens, H., Martinez Rica, J.P., Maurin, H., Oliveira, M.E., Sofianidou, T.S., Veith, M. & Zuiderwijk, A. (eds) Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Europe, Societas Europaea Herpetologica & Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle (IEGB/SPN), Paris. Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2006-10-01

Published in Print: 2006-10-01


Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 61, Issue 5, Pages 579–584, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-006-0093-x.

Export Citation

© 2006 Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Monika Hloušková, Monika Balogová, Veronika Kršáková, and Lumír Gvoždík
Ecology and Evolution, 2018

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in