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Volume 62, Issue 4


Formal definitions of Slovakian mire plant associations and their application in regional research

Daniel Dítě / Michal Hájek
  • Institute of Botany and Zoology, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kotlářská 2, CZ-61137, Brno, Czech Republic
  • Department of Ecology, Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Poříčí 3b, CZ-60300, Czech Republic
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/ Petra Hájková
  • Institute of Botany and Zoology, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kotlářská 2, CZ-61137, Brno, Czech Republic
  • Department of Ecology, Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Poříčí 3b, CZ-60300, Czech Republic
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Published Online: 2007-08-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-007-0082-8


We applied the Cocktail method to a large data set of 4 117 relevés of all Slovak vegetation types with the aim to create formalised definitions of all Slovakian mire plant associations. We defined 21 groups of species with the statistical tendency of joint occurrences in vegetation. These groups differed substantially in their position along the pH/calcium gradient. We further defined 24 plant associations according to presence and/or absence of certain groups and/or strong dominance of some species. Only six traditional plant associations were not possible to be reproduced this way. We applied our formalised definitions to the regional data set of mires from the surrounding of the Vysoké Tatry Mts. Combined with frequency-positive fidelity index this method has led to the classification of the majority of vegetation plots into ten associations. When the vegetation types obtained from Cocktail-based classification and from cluster analysis were compared with respect to measured pH and conductivity in the study region, 82% of pairs differed significantly either in pH or in water conductivity in the former classification and 69% in the latter one.

Keywords: Braun-Blanquet approach; Cocktail; fen; peatland; species group; vegetation survey; Slovakia

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About the article

Published Online: 2007-08-01

Published in Print: 2007-08-01

Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 62, Issue 4, Pages 400–408, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-007-0082-8.

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© 2007 Institute of Botany, Slovak Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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