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Volume 63, Issue 2


Occurrence of wheat leaf rust (Puccinia triticina) races and virulence changes in Slovakia in 1994–2004

Alena Hanzalová / Jozef Huszár / Pavel Bartoš / Eva Herzová
  • Variety Testing Station, Central Institute for Supervision and Testing in Agriculture, SK-93707, Želiezovce, Slovakia
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Published Online: 2008-03-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-008-0044-9


In 1995–2004 we investigated leaf rust virulence in Slovakia on Thatcher near isogenic lines (NILs) with genes Lr1, Lr2a, Lr2b, Lr2c, Lr3a, Lr9, Lr10, Lr11, Lr15, Lr17, Lr19, Lr21, Lr23, Lr24, Lr26 and Lr28. According to reaction of leaf rust isolates resistance genes Lr9 and Lr19 were completely effective to all examined pathotypes in all years. The resistance genes Lr24 and Lr28 were also completely effective to all examined pathotypes till the year 2001. In the year 2001 we detected 20% and 10% virulent isolates on NILs Lr24 and Lr28, respectively. According to the reaction of investigated isolates from the territory of Slovakia on NILs, resistance genes Lr2c, Lr3a, Lr11, Lr17, Lr21, Lr23 and Lr26 were mostly ineffective.

During the 1994–2004 period we detected 16 races of leaf rust (races 2, 2SaBa, 6, 6SaBa, 12, 12SaBa, 14, 14SaBa, 57, 57SaBa, 61, 61SaBa, 62SaBa, 77, 77SaBa, 77/57SaBa). The most frequently determined races were 61SaBa and 77SaBa, which occurred in all years. Among frequently determined races we can assign race 12SaBa as well.

According to the field tests in 2001–2004 good resistance to leaf rust was displayed by the cvs Arida (Lr13, Lru), Eva (Lr3, Lru) and Solara (Lru).

Keywords: leaf rust; wheat; Lr genes; virulence; races; Slovakia

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About the article

Published Online: 2008-03-27

Published in Print: 2008-04-01

Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 63, Issue 2, Pages 171–174, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-008-0044-9.

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© 2008 Slovak Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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