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Biologia




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Volume 63, Issue 6

Issues

Algal biofilms on tree bark to monitor airborne pollutants

Katharina Freystein / Mario Salisch / Werner Reisser
Published Online: 2008-12-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-008-0114-z

Abstract

Algae are used in biomonitoring systems to detect water or soil pollution. So it is conceivable to establish a biomonitoring system for the detection of airborne pollutants (ozone and particulate matter (PM-10)) in urban habitats by algae. Autotrophic biofilms are widely present, cover nearly every exposed surface, especially tree bark and consist of a large variety of species of algae, cyanobacteria and fungi. To explore the diversity of green algae at different air pollution monitoring sites we choose trees with different structures of bark at three locations in and near Leipzig. We compared the measured levels of air pollution with the algal species and communities present. The sites differed in the quality and amount of airborne pollutants, among which we concentrated on ozone and particulate matter (PM-10). The collection sites were Leipzig-Centre, Leipzig-West and a forest area east of Leipzig (Collmberg). Autotrophic biofilms were collected, algae cultures established and taxonomic and morphological studies were carried out with light microscopy. Green algae were present on tree bark at all sites and forty-eight different algal species and cyanobacteria were isolated. Preliminary results suggested a correlation between pollutants and occurrence of some specific algal species and the specific algal assemblages at a given site. It is concluded that this could provide the basis for a biomonitoring system involving aero-terrestrial algae for the detection of airborne pollutants.

Keywords: aero-terrestrial algae; airborne pollution; morphology; ozone; particulate matter; tree bark

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About the article

Published Online: 2008-12-04

Published in Print: 2008-12-01


Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 63, Issue 6, Pages 866–872, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-008-0114-z.

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© 2008 Slovak Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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