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Volume 63, Issue 6

Issues

Road vegetation in Central Europe — an example from the Czech Republic

Božena Šerá
  • Institute of Systems Biology and Ecology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Sádkách 7, CZ-37005, České Budějovice, Czech Republic
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Published Online: 2008-12-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-008-0152-6

Abstract

Road nets are man-made constructions in the open landscape with a specific vegetation accompaniment in a verge or band along the road or in a divider strip. A determination of six basic vegetation types of bands along roads is possible in Central Europe (tree lines, planting area, forest stand, early successful growth, bushes band, grassy-herbal associations). In the Czech Republic, grassy-herbal communities growing on road verges are mainly formed by perennials, hemicryptophyts, and species with tendency towards pollination by insects and to anemochory and exozoochory. 40% woody and 25% herbaceous species which are non-native for Central Europe form a part of them. Three halophyte species are growing in closed lines along asphalt: Puccinellia distans, Digitaria sanguinalis and Spergularia rubra.

Roads and highways should be made and used with respect to the ecological potential of roadside vegetation. However, the road net functioned as a corridor for invasive (planting or spreading) plant species.

Keywords: highway; invasion; maintenance; soil; tree; weed

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About the article

Published Online: 2008-12-04

Published in Print: 2008-12-01


Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 63, Issue 6, Pages 1085–1088, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-008-0152-6.

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© 2008 Slovak Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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