Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Biologia




More options …
Volume 63, Issue 6

Issues

Lichens on lignum in the coastal regions of western Spitsbergen (Svalbard)

Piotr Osyczka
  • Department of Polar Research and Documentation, Institute of Botany, Jagiellonian University, Kopernika 27, PL-31-501, Kraków, Poland
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Michał Węgrzyn
  • Department of Polar Research and Documentation, Institute of Botany, Jagiellonian University, Kopernika 27, PL-31-501, Kraków, Poland
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2008-12-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-008-0158-0

Abstract

Eighteen species of eleven lichen genera were found on driftwood and worked timber deposited on the beaches in the Hornsund and Billefjorden regions (the west coast of Spitsbergen, Svalbard archipelago). Majority of them indicate low substrate specificity in the high arctic regions. Only three species (Caloplaca spitsbergensis, Lecanora mughicola, L. orae-frigidae) are typical for lignum. Most of the taxa are widespread in Svalbard. Species like: Caloplaca holocarpa, C. spitsbergensis, Protothelenella sphinctrinoidella, Rinodina archaea were sporadically reported till now. Lecanora mughicola was not reported from Svalbard up to the present and this is the first record of the species for the region.

Keywords: Lecanora mughicola; biodiversity; lichenized fungi; lignicolous lichens; Svalbard; lignum; driftwood

  • [1] Alstrup V. 1977. Cryptogams on imported timber in West Greenland. Lichenologist 9: 113–117. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S002428297700019XCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [2] Alstrup V. 1982. The epiphylic lichens in Greenland. Bryologist 85(1): 64–73. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3243141CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [3] Brodo I.M. & Vänskä H. 1984. Notes on the maritime, lignicolous lichen Lecanora orae-frigidae. Lichenologist 16(1): 45–51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0024282984000074CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [4] Chochorowski J. 1999. Problems of the dendrochronology of Russian hunting stations of Spitsbergen. Oficyna Cracovia, Kraków, 104 pp. Google Scholar

  • [5] Eggertsson Ó. 1994. Driftwood as an indicator of relative changes in the influx Arctic and Atlantic water into the coastal areas of Svalbard. Polar Research 13(2): 209–218. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-8369.1994.tb00450.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [6] Elix J.A., Wardlaw J.H. & Søchting U. 2000. Anthraquinones from the lichen Caloplaca spitsbergensis. Herzogia 14: 27–30. Google Scholar

  • [7] Elvebakk A. 1997. Tundra diversity and ecological characteristics of Svalbard, pp. 347–359. In: Wielgolaski F.E. (ed.), Polar and alpine tundra, Elsevier. Google Scholar

  • [8] Elvebakk A. & Hertel H. 1996. Part 6. Lichens, pp. 271–359. In: Elvebakk A. & Prestrud P. (eds), A catalogue of Svalbard plants, fungi, algae and cyanobacteria, Norsk Polarinstitutt Skrifter 198. Google Scholar

  • [9] Hafellner J. 1982. Flechtenfunde am Bockfjord, Spitzbergen. Ergebnisse der österreichischen Spitzbergen-Expedition 1979, I. Phyton 22: 23–50. Google Scholar

  • [10] Hertel H. 1977. Bemerkenswerte Flachtenfunde aus dem Gebiet des Kongsfjordes und des Isfjordes (Spitzbergen). Herzogia 4: 367–401. Google Scholar

  • [11] Hertel H. & Ullrich H. 1976. Flechten von Amterdamøya (Svalbard). Mitt. Bot. Staatssammal. München 12: 417–512. Google Scholar

  • [12] Himelbrant D. & Kuznetsova E. 2002. Lignicolous lichens on driftwood of the Keret’ archipelago (White Sea). Botanica Lithuanica 8(4): 349–355. Google Scholar

  • [13] Johansen S. 1999. Origin of driftwood in north Norway and its relevance for transport routes of drift ice and pollution to the Barents Sea. Sci. Total Environ. 231(2–3): 201–225. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0048-9697(99)00101-1CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [14] Lynge B. 1926. Lichens from Bear Island (Bjørnøya) collected by Norwegian and Swedish expeditions, chiefly by Th. M. Frties during the Swedish polar expedition of 1868. Result. Norske Statsunderst. Spitsbergeneksp. 1(9): 1–78. Google Scholar

  • [15] Magnusson A.H. 1944. Studies in the ferruginea-group of the genus Caloplaca. K. Vet. Vitt.-Samh. Handl. Sjätte Följden, Ser. B 3(1): 1–71. Google Scholar

  • [16] Orange A., James P. W. & White F. J. 2001. Microchemical methods for identification of lichens. British Lichen Society, London, 101 pp. Google Scholar

  • [17] Palka K. & Śliwa L. 2004. Lichen species new to Mongolia. Polish Bot. J. 49(1): 35–43. Google Scholar

  • [18] Printzen C. 2001. Corticolous and lignicolous species of Lecanora (Lecanoraceae, Lecanorales) with usnic or isousnic acid in the Sonoran desert region. Bryologist 104(3): 382–409. http://dx.doi.org/10.1639/0007-2745(2001)104[0382:CALSOL]2.0.CO;2CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [19] Santesson R., Moberg R., Nordin A., Tønsberg T. & Vitikainen O. 2004. Lichen-forming and lichenicolous fungi of Fennoscandia. Museum of Evolution, Uppsala University, Uppsala, 359 pp. Google Scholar

  • [20] Søchting U. 1989. Lignicolous species of the lichen genus Caloplaca from Svalbard. Opera Bot. 100: 241–257. Google Scholar

  • [21] Søchting U. 2001. Chemosyndromes with chlorinated anthraquinones in the lichen genus Caloplaca, pp. 395–404. In: McCarthy P.M., Kantvilas G. & Louwhoff S.H.J.J. (eds), Lichenological Contributions in Honour of Jack Elix, Bibliotheca Lichenologica 78. Google Scholar

  • [22] Søchting U. & Olech M. 1995. The lichen genus Caloplaca in polar regions. Lichenologist 27: 463–471. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [23] Śliwa L. & Wetmore C. 2000. Notes on the Lecanora varia Group in North America. Bryologist 103(3): 475–492. http://dx.doi.org/10.1639/0007-2745(2000)103[0475:NOTLVG]2.0.CO;2CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [24] Thomson J.W. 1997. American Arctic Lichens. The Microlichens. The University of Wisconsin Press, Wisconsin, 736 pp. Google Scholar

  • [25] White F.J. & James P.W. 1985. A new guide to microchemical techniques for the identification of lichen substances. Briti. Lich. Soc. Bull. 57(Suppl.): 1–41. Google Scholar

  • [26] Žurbenko M.P. & Vekhov N.V. 2001. Lišajniki na obnažennoj drevesine postroek arkhipelaga Novaja Zemlja i ostrova Vajgač. Novosti Sistematiki Nizšikh Rastenij 34: 126–134. Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2008-12-04

Published in Print: 2008-12-01


Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 63, Issue 6, Pages 1069–1072, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-008-0158-0.

Export Citation

© 2008 Slovak Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[2]
Michał Węgrzyn, Paulina Wietrzyk, Edyta Adamska, and Paweł Nicia
Polish Polar Research, 2015, Volume 36, Number 2
[3]
T. Inoue, S. Kudoh, M. Inoue, M. Uchida, and H. Kanda
Polar Science, 2011, Volume 4, Number 4, Page 588
[4]
Sergio E. Favero-Longo and Rosanna Piervittori
Journal of Plant Interactions, 2010, Volume 5, Number 3, Page 163
[5]
Robert S. Egan
The Bryologist, 2009, Volume 112, Number 3, Page 634
[6]
Oleksii Redchenko, Jiří Košnar, and Jan Gloser
Polish Polar Research, 2010, Volume 31, Number 2, Page 159

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in