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Volume 63, Issue 6

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Amylase action pattern on starch polymers

Annabel Bijttebier
  • Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Leuven Food Science and Nutrition Research Centre (LFoRCe), Kasteelpark Arenberg 20, B-3001, Leuven, Belgium
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/ Hans Goesaert
  • Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Leuven Food Science and Nutrition Research Centre (LFoRCe), Kasteelpark Arenberg 20, B-3001, Leuven, Belgium
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/ Jan Delcour
  • Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Leuven Food Science and Nutrition Research Centre (LFoRCe), Kasteelpark Arenberg 20, B-3001, Leuven, Belgium
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Published Online: 2008-12-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-008-0169-x

Abstract

Several decades ago, the first reports on differences in action pattern between amylases from different sources indicated that the starch polymers are not degraded in a completely random manner. We here give an overview of different action patterns of amylases on amylose and amylopectin, focusing on the so-called multiple attack action of the enzymes. Nowadays, the multiple attack action is generally an accepted concept to explain the differences in amylase action pattern. However, the pancreatic α-amylase remains one of the few enzymes known with a considerable level of multiple attack action. Despite some recent studies, the molecular mechanism of the multiple attack action is still largely unclear. Probably, the degree to which the active site architecture and binding properties allow both the reorganization (sliding) of the substrate in the active site and the stabilisation of the productive enzyme/substrate complex mainly determine the multiple attack action of amylases.

Keywords: amylase; amylose; amylopectin; action pattern; multiple attack action

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About the article

Published Online: 2008-12-04

Published in Print: 2008-12-01


Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 63, Issue 6, Pages 989–999, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-008-0169-x.

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