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Volume 65, Issue 2


Codon optimization, expression and characterization of Bacillus subtilis MA139 β-1,3-1,4-glucanase in Pichia pastoris

Jiayun Qiao
  • National Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, China Agricultural University, No. 2 Yuanmingyuan West Road, Beijing, 100193, People’s Republic of China
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/ Bo Zhang
  • National Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, China Agricultural University, No. 2 Yuanmingyuan West Road, Beijing, 100193, People’s Republic of China
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/ Yiqun Chen
  • National Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, China Agricultural University, No. 2 Yuanmingyuan West Road, Beijing, 100193, People’s Republic of China
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/ Yunhe Cao
  • National Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, China Agricultural University, No. 2 Yuanmingyuan West Road, Beijing, 100193, People’s Republic of China
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Published Online: 2010-02-21 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-010-0017-7


β-1,3-1,4-Glucanase has been broadly used in feed and brewing industries. According to the codon bias of Pichia pastoris, the Bacillus subtilis MA139 β-1,3-1,4-glucanase gene was de novo synthesized and expressed in P. pastoris X-33 strain under the control of the alcohol oxidase 1 promoter. In a 10-L fermentor, the β-1,3-1,4-glucanase was overexpressed with a yield of 15,000 U/mL by methanol induction for 96 h. The recombinant β-1,3-1,4-glucanase exhibited optimal activity at 40°C and pH 6.4. The activity of the recombinant β-1,3-1,4-glucanase was not significantly affected by various metal ions and chemical reagents. To our knowledge, the expression of this β-1,3-1,4-glucanase from Bacillus sp. in P. pastoris is in relatively high level compared to previous reports. These biochemical characteristics suggest that the recombinant β-1,3-1,4-glucanase has a prospective application in feed and brewing industries.

Keywords: β-1,3-1,4-glucanase; Bacillus subtilis; Pichia pastoris; expression; codon optimization

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About the article

Published Online: 2010-02-21

Published in Print: 2010-04-01

Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 65, Issue 2, Pages 191–196, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-010-0017-7.

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© 2010 Slovak Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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