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Biologia




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Volume 65, Issue 4

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The screening of mutants and construction of mutant library for Oryza sativa cv. Nipponbare via ethyl methane sulphonate inducing

Nguyen Thang / Jianguo Wu / Weihui Zhou / Chunhai Shi
Published Online: 2010-06-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-010-0059-x

Abstract

Following the sequencing of rice genome, the functional analysis of unidentified genes is gaining wide importance. Mutant isolation is one of the effective ways to isolate and clone the target genes and analyze their functions. To find the various mutants in the same genetic background, seeds of Oryza sativa cv. Nipponbare were treated with ethyl methane sulphonate (EMS). A total of 1056 mutants were screened for five categories in M2 generation with the seedling frequency of 26.29‰ at three-leaf stage, but only 264 mutants were verified in M3 generation with a frequency of 6.57‰. Among the mutants verified in M3 generation, the frequency of leaf mutation was the highest (2.22‰), followed by seedling height (1.74‰) and the abiotic stress tolerance mutant (1.47‰). Nineteen characteristic mutations, including a big group of abiotic stress tolerant mutants such as herbicide resistant, salt tolerant and drought tolerant were identified at this stage. By observation of rice growth characteristics at different developmental stages, another 220 mutants have been isolated and verified in the M3 generation with the mutant frequency of 53.9‰ covering about 28 mutant traits. Among those identified, the highest frequencies were obtained for appearance of brown rice mutant with 18.37‰, followed by panicle mutant with 13.47‰, and grain mutants with 9.06‰. All the mutants screened above were suitable for gene function analysis and for utilization in agronomy.

Keywords: Oryza sativa cv. Nipponbare; rice; inducing; mutagenesis; ethyl methane sulphonate (EMS)

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About the article

Published Online: 2010-06-10

Published in Print: 2010-08-01


Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 65, Issue 4, Pages 660–669, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-010-0059-x.

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© 2010 Slovak Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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