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Volume 65, Issue 5


Does the rate of German chamomile growth and development influence the response of plants to soil drought?

Renata Bączek-Kwinta
  • Plant Physiology Department, Faculty of Agriculture and Economics, University of Agriculture, Kraków, 30-239, Podłużna 3, Poland
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/ Agnieszka Adamska
  • Plant Physiology Department, Faculty of Agriculture and Economics, University of Agriculture, Kraków, 30-239, Podłużna 3, Poland
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/ Katarzyna Seidler-Łożykowska / Krzysztof Tokarz
  • Polish Academy of Sciences, the F. Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, 30-239, Kraków, Niezapominajek 21, Poland
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Published Online: 2010-08-12 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-010-0084-9


The response of the wild type (WT) and a strain C6/2 of German chamomile to 7-d soil drought and subsequent 7-day rehydration was studied. Shoot and leaf growth, vegetative development, water and protein contents, ascorbate peroxidase activity and gas exchange were compared. At the stress stage, water content of WT plants was slightly influenced and the effect was ceased after rehydration. Also the decrease in gas exchange was temporary. New leaves were formed, although their area was diminished. On the contrary, leaves of C6/2 plants were more desiccated and the durable decrease in water content was accompanied by the impairment in gas exchange also at the recovery stage (20–40% loss when compared to the control). At both stages of the experiment the growth of the long shoots of this genotype was drastically decreased, as well as leaf formation. Ascorbate peroxidase activity was increased by drought in leaves of both genotypes, but the pattern of changes in WT plants reflected the enhancement of metabolism resulting from proper water content and gas exchange at the recovery stage. Different pattern of changes in the protein content during drought was also noticed: a slight increase in WT, while the decrease by ¼ in C6/2 leaves. The response of WT plants to desiccation and rewatering was found to be more elastic than that of C6/2.

Keywords: anthodia; ascorbate peroxidase; drought; gas exchange; plant growth, photosynthesis; stress proteins

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About the article

Published Online: 2010-08-12

Published in Print: 2010-10-01

Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 65, Issue 5, Pages 837–842, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-010-0084-9.

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© 2010 Slovak Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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