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Volume 65, Issue 6

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Variability of foraging and roosting activities in adult females of Daubenton’s bat (Myotis daubentonii) in different seasons

Radek Lučan
  • Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Viničná 7, CZ-12844, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Department of Zoology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of South Bohemia, České Budějovice, Czech Republic
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/ Jan Radil
  • Department of Ecology, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic
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Published Online: 2010-10-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-010-0124-5

Abstract

We radio-tracked fifteen reproductive females (5 pregnant, 5 lactating, 5 in post-lactation) of the Daubenton’s bat in summer 2005 in order to reveal the effect of reproductive state on their foraging and roosting activity. Spatial activity of females decreased from pregnancy to lactation and increased again in the post-lactation period. Overall time spent foraging did not differ among the three study periods. However, while pregnant and lactating females spent similar proportion of the night length foraging, females in the post-lactation period were foraging for shorter part of night. The frequency of nightly visits to roosts was highest during lactation but there was a trend towards shortening of particular visits during that period. All but one roost were in tree hollows excavated by woodpeckers in spatially restricted area of ca 0.7 km2. Tree cavities used during pregnancy were located higher on a tree trunk and had larger entrance area than the cavities used in the two later periods. Bats switched roosts every 2–3 days (range 1–8) and moved to a new roost up to 800 m apart. Pregnant females tended to switch roosts more frequently than females in the two later periods. We did not observe a significant effect of minimum nightly temperature on the activity of radio-tracked Daubenton’s bats. Therefore, we suggest that observed seasonal changes in the pattern of behaviour of Daubenton’s bat females were driven by their changing energetic demands rather than by some extrinsic factors (e.g. weather conditions).

Keywords: radio-tracking; spatial activity; Chiroptera; tree roosts; artificial roost

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About the article

Published Online: 2010-10-15

Published in Print: 2010-12-01


Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 65, Issue 6, Pages 1072–1080, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-010-0124-5.

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