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Biologia




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Volume 67, Issue 5

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Isolation and characterization of heavy metal tolerant Gram-positive bacteria with bioremedial properties from municipal waste rich soil of Kestopur canal (Kolkata), West Bengal, India

Kamala Gupta / Chitrita Chatterjee
  • Department of Biotechnology, Molecular Biology Laboratory, Presidency University, 86/1 College Street, West Bengal, Kolkata, India
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/ Bhaskar Gupta
  • Department of Biotechnology, Molecular Biology Laboratory, Presidency University, 86/1 College Street, West Bengal, Kolkata, India
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Published Online: 2012-08-23 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-012-0099-5

Abstract

The present study was conducted to determine the culturable bacterial profile from Kestopur canal (Kolkata, India) and analyze their heavy metal tolerance. In addition to daily sewage including solid and soluble wastes, a considerable load of toxic metals are released into this water body from industries, tanneries and agriculture, household as well as health sectors. Screening out microbes from such an environment was done keeping in mind their multifunctional application especially for bioremediation. Heavy metals are major environmental pollutants when present in high concentration in soil and show potential toxic effects on growth and development in plants and animals. Some edible herbs growing in the canal vicinity, and consumed by people, were found to harbour these heavy metals at sub-toxic levels. The bioconcentration factor of these plants being <1 indicates that they probably only absorb but not accumulate heavy metals. All the thirteen Grampositive bacteria isolated from these plants rhizosphere were found to tolerate high concentration of heavy metals like Co, Ni, Pb, Cr, Fe. Phylogenetic analysis of their 16S rDNA genes revealed that they belonged to one main taxonomic group — the Firmicutes. Seven of them were found to be novel with 92–95% sequence homology with known bacterial strains. Further microbiological analyses show that the alkaliphilic Bacillus weihenstephanensis strain IA1 and Exiguobacterium aestuarii strain CE1, with selective antibiotic sensitivity along with high Ni2+ and Cr6+ removal capabilities, respectively, can be prospective candidates for bioremediation.

Keywords: antibiotic resistance; biochemical assay; growth curve; heavy metal tolerance; pH tolerance; 16S rDNAr

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About the article

Published Online: 2012-08-23

Published in Print: 2012-10-01


Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 67, Issue 5, Pages 827–836, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-012-0099-5.

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© 2012 Slovak Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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