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Volume 68, Issue 2


Spatial pattern of native species Myriophyllum spicatum and invasive alien species Elodea nuttallii after introduction of the latter one into the Drava River (Slovenia)

Zdenka Mazej Grudnik / Mateja Germ
Published Online: 2013-02-23 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-013-0006-8


Invasive alien species Elodea nuttallii was introduced into the Drava River (Slovenia) in 2007. The spatial distribution of native macrophyte species Myriophyllum spicatum and the invasive alien species E. nuttallii was studied in two impoundments, HPP Vuhred and HPP Mariborski otok in the years 2009, 2010 and 2011. The very heterogeneous environment of the Drava River had resulted in dynamic and non-uniform distributions of E. nuttalli and M. spicatum in both impoundments. The distribution of E. nuttalli was shown to be suppressed in river stretches exposed to great turbulence. It had, however, successfully invaded areas with gentle slope of littoral, low exposition to main water flow and muddy sediment and prevailed against the native species M. spicatum. The latter was more abundant than E. nuttallii in stretches exposed to higher flow velocity. Thus, the competitive success of M. spicatum and E. nuttallii depended on environmental conditions. Our results lead to the prediction that E. nuttallii will increase further in the river Drava, causing serious economic problems.

Keywords: Elodea nuttallii; Myriophyllum spicatum; invasive alien species; Drava River; Slovenia

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About the article

Published Online: 2013-02-23

Published in Print: 2013-04-01

Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 68, Issue 2, Pages 202–209, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-013-0006-8.

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© 2013 Slovak Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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