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Volume 68, Issue 3


Reactive oxygen species and seed germination

Marcelo Gomes
  • Institut des Sciences de l’environnement, Succ. Centre-Ville, Université du Québec à Montréal, C.P. 8888, H3C 3P8, Montréal, Québec, Canada
  • Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Campus UFLA, 37200-000, Lavras, MG, Brazil
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Queila Garcia
Published Online: 2013-04-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-013-0161-y


Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are continuously produced by the metabolically active cells of seeds, and apparently play important roles in biological processes such as germination and dormancy. Germination and ROS accumulation appear to be linked, and seed germination success may be closely associated with internal ROS contents and the activities of ROS-scavenging systems. Although ROS were long considered hazardous molecules, their functions as cell signaling compounds are now well established and widely studied in plants. In seeds, ROS have important roles in endosperm weakening, the mobilization of seed reserves, protection against pathogens, and programmed cell death. ROS may also function as messengers or transmitters of environmental cues during seed germination. Little is currently known, however, about ROS biochemistry or their functions or the signaling pathways during these processes, which are to be considered in the present review.

Keywords: endosperm weakening; ROS signaling; ROS-scavenging systems; seed dormancy

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About the article

Published Online: 2013-04-13

Published in Print: 2013-06-01

Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 68, Issue 3, Pages 351–357, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-013-0161-y.

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