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Volume 69, Issue 1

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Ecological characteristics of plant species and associations along two Dinaric karstic rivers (Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Balkans)

Anđelka Lasić
  • Faculty of Science and Education, Department of Biology, Matice hrvatske bb, University of Mostar, BiH-88000, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
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/ Nenad Jasprica
  • Institute for Marine and Coastal Research, Laboratory for Terrestrial Flora and Fauna, University of Dubrovnik, Kneza Damjana Jude 12, PO Box 83, HR-20000, Dubrovnik, Croatia
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/ Mira Morović / Tatjana Kapetanović
  • Environmental Fund of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hamdije Čemerlića 39A, BiH-71000, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
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/ Marina Carić
  • Institute for Marine and Coastal Research, Laboratory for Terrestrial Flora and Fauna, University of Dubrovnik, Kneza Damjana Jude 12, PO Box 83, HR-20000, Dubrovnik, Croatia
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/ Nusret Drešković
  • Faculty of Science, Department of Geography, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 33-35, BiH-71000, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
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/ Nikša Glavić
  • Institute for Marine and Coastal Research, Laboratory for Terrestrial Flora and Fauna, University of Dubrovnik, Kneza Damjana Jude 12, PO Box 83, HR-20000, Dubrovnik, Croatia
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/ Božena Mitić
  • Faculty of Science, Department of Botany and Botanical Garden, University of Zagreb, Marulićev trg 9a/II, HR-10000, Zagreb, Croatia
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Published Online: 2013-11-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-013-0282-3

Abstract

This paper describes the plant communities of two oligotrophic karstic rivers with a slight anthropogenic influence — the Trebižat and the Lištica — in South Bosnia and Herzegovina, their sinecology, and the relationship between vegetation and plant species and environmental parameters. According to 87 relevés, a total of 26 plant associations, using Braun-Blanquet methods, were found in the rivers and nearby surveyed area. Only nine associations were common to both rivers. Eight associations were recorded for the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina for the first time. Associations from both rivers differed according to following parameters measured at the sampling site: water temperature, distance from the mouth (river kilometers), river width, water depth, flow, pH and slope. There were no differences in nutrient concentrations among the associations. According to Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA), three environmental variables out of the 11 initially considered were retained as being related to plant distribution. The first two axes explained 56.8% and 35.2% of variance of species-environment relationship in the Trebižat and Lištica rivers, respectively. Water depth in the Trebižat River, and pH and river kilometers in the Lištica River were found to be the most influential, while nutrients and other physico-chemical parameters were not significant in either river. Water depth vector was identified as an underlying environmental factor determining distribution of Potamogeton lucens and Myriophyllum verticillatum (Potamion), and Nymphaea alba (Nymphaeion albae). According to in situ measurements of light intensity, the highest coefficients of light attenuation, radiance and reflection were found at a station with dense populations of Potamogeton lucens and Nuphar luteum (Potametum lucentis). The vegetation and floristic value of the rivers is discussed as a basis for biodiversity conservation programmes and evaluating the state of these ecosystems in the future.

Keywords: associations; canonical correspondence analyis (CCA); karstic rivers; macropyhtes; physico-chemical parameters; the Balkans

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Published Online: 2013-11-15

Published in Print: 2014-01-01


Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 69, Issue 1, Pages 40–52, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-013-0282-3.

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