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Volume 69, Issue 1

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Occurrence of pathogens in Ips typographus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and in other spruce bark beetles from the wilderness reserve Dürrenstein (Lower Austria)

Rudolf Wegensteiner
  • University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Department of Forest and Soil Sciences, Institute of Forest Entomology, Forest Pathology and Forest Protection, Gregor Mendel Str. 33, A-1180, Vienna, Austria
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/ Andrea Stradner
  • University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Department of Forest and Soil Sciences, Institute of Forest Entomology, Forest Pathology and Forest Protection, Gregor Mendel Str. 33, A-1180, Vienna, Austria
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/ Uwe Händel
  • University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Department of Forest and Soil Sciences, Institute of Forest Entomology, Forest Pathology and Forest Protection, Gregor Mendel Str. 33, A-1180, Vienna, Austria
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Published Online: 2013-11-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-013-0286-z

Abstract

The study presents new data on spatial distribution of bark beetle pathogens, on changes in frequency over several years and on their prevalence during different time periods within a year from several locations within the wilderness reserve Dürrenstein (Lower Austria). The occurrence of pathogens was investigated in Ips typographus (during five years), in Pityogenes chalcographus (during two years) and in Ips amitinus (in one year). In total, seven pathogen species could be detected in I. typographus. The most dominant pathogen species were the Ips typographus-Entomopoxvirus (ItEPV), the sporozoan species Gregarina typographi and the microsporidium Chytridiopsis typographi; the latter two pathogen species were recorded every year and at about similar high (G. typographi) or low (C. typographi) rates, the ItEPV in strongly varying rates. The neogregarine Mattesia cf. schwenkei and the two microsporidia Nosema typographi and Unikaryon montanum were found in I. typographus only sporadically and the rhizopodan species Malamoeba scolyti was found once. The number of infected males and females was relatively similar with almost all pathogen species in most of the years except U. montanum, which occurred exclusively in females. Three pathogen species were recorded in P. chalcographus which were Gregarina typographi, Mattesia cf. schwenkei and Chytridiopsis typographi. Two pathogen species were observed in I. amitinus, Gregarina typographi and Chytridiopsis typographi.

Keywords: Ips typographus; Ips amitinus; Pityogenes chalcographus; microorganisms; virus

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About the article

Published Online: 2013-11-15

Published in Print: 2014-01-01


Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 69, Issue 1, Pages 92–100, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-013-0286-z.

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