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Biologia




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Volume 69, Issue 10

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Alternative venous drainage of heart ventricles in rabbits

Lenka Kresakova
  • Department of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology, University of Veterinary and Pharmacy in Kosice, Komenskeho 73, SK-04181, Kosice, Slovakia
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/ Halina Purzyc / Ingrid Schusterova / Benjamin Fulton
  • Health and Science Division, West Virginia Northern Community College, 1704, Market Street, Wheeling, West Virginia, 26003, USA
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/ Marcela Maloveska
  • Department of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology, University of Veterinary and Pharmacy in Kosice, Komenskeho 73, SK-04181, Kosice, Slovakia
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/ Katarina Vdoviakova
  • Department of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology, University of Veterinary and Pharmacy in Kosice, Komenskeho 73, SK-04181, Kosice, Slovakia
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/ Zuzana Kravcova
  • Department of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology, University of Veterinary and Pharmacy in Kosice, Komenskeho 73, SK-04181, Kosice, Slovakia
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/ Martin Boldizar
  • Department of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology, University of Veterinary and Pharmacy in Kosice, Komenskeho 73, SK-04181, Kosice, Slovakia
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/ Andrej Jenca
  • Department of Stomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery P.J. Safarik University and FN L Pasteura, Rastislavova 43, SK-04190, Kosice, Slovakia
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Published Online: 2014-11-07 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-014-0435-z

Abstract

The objective of this study was to describe the uncommon connections between cardiac veins, alternative pathways within cardiac venous circulation and complex variability of the venous system in the heart ventricles. The study was carried out on 30 adult New Zealand White rabbits. The arrangement of the cardiac veins was studied by using the corrosion casts prepared with the Spofacryl® and by perfusion of coloured latex. The presence and organization of principal veins of the heart ventricles was relatively constant with a great variability in the mode of opening and forming a common trunk. The highest variations were observed in the region of the paraconal interventricular vein, the left and right marginal vein and the left distal ventricular vein. The left proximal ventricular vein was an inconstant tributary of the left circumflex vein and was seen in 17% of cases. The left distal ventricular vein was visible as one (13% of cases) or two veins (87% of cases). Angular vein was observed in 20% of cases. Numerous anastomosis were found among cardiac veins.

Keywords: anastomosis; rabbits; heart ventricles; corrosion casting

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About the article

Published Online: 2014-11-07

Published in Print: 2014-10-01


Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 69, Issue 10, Pages 1439–1444, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-014-0435-z.

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© 2014 Slovak Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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