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Biologia


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A murrel cysteine protease, cathepsin L: bioinformatics characterization, gene expression and proteolytic activity

1Division of Fisheries Biotechnology & Molecular Biology, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science and Humanities, SRM University, Kattankulathur, 603 203, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

2Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station A4800, Austin, TX, 78712, USA

3Lab PCN 206, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, B.S. 10/1, Sector 10, Jankipuram Extension, Sitapur Road, Lucknow, 226 031, Uttar Pradesh, India

© 2013 Slovak Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Citation Information: Biologia. Volume 69, Issue 3, Pages 395–406, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-013-0326-8, January 2014

Publication History

Published Online:
2014-01-28

Abstract

Cathepsin L, a lysosomal endopeptidase, is a member of the peptidase C1 family (papain-like family) of cysteine proteinases that cleave peptide bonds of lysosomal proteins. In this study, we report a cathepsin L sequence identified from the constructed cDNA library of striped murrel Channa striatus (designated as CsCath L) using genome sequencing FLXTM technology. The full-length CsCath L contains three eukaryotic thiol protease domains at positions 134-145, 278-288 and 299-318. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the CsCath L was clustered together with other cathepsin L from teleosts. The three-dimensional structure of CsCath L modelled by the I-Tasser program was compared with structures deposited in the Protein Data Bank to find out the structural similarity of CsCath L with experimentally identified structures. The results showed that the CsCath L exhibits maximum structural identity with pro-cathepsin L from human. The RNA fold structure of CsCath L was predicted along with its minimum free energy (−471.93 kcal/mol). The highest CsCath L gene expression was observed in liver, which was also significantly higher (P < 0.05) than that detected in other tissues taken for analysis. In order to investigate the mRNA transcription profile of CsCath L during infection, C. striatus were injected with fungus (Aphanomyces invadans) and bacteria (Aeromonas hydrophila) and its expression was up-regulated in liver at various time points. Similar to gene expression studies, the highest CsCath L enzyme activity was also observed in liver and its activity was up-regulated by fungal and bacterial infections.

Keywords: Channa striatus; cathepsin L; bioinformatics analysis; epizootic ulcerative syndrome; gene expression; enzyme activity

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