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Volume 69, Issue 7

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High vegetation and environmental diversity during the Late Glacial and Early Holocene on the example of lowlands in the Czech Republic

Libor Petr
  • Department of Botany and Zoology, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kotlřásk 2, CZ-61137, Brno, Czech Republic
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/ Jan Novák
  • Department of Botany, Faculty of Sciences, University of South Bohemia, Branišovsk 31, CZ-37005, Českějovice, Czech Republic
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Published Online: 2014-08-19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-014-0381-9

Abstract

The diversity of vegetation and the environment in the Late Glacial period in the Elbe region is illustrated by a comparison of three palynological localities. The localities differ in their history, profile lithology and position relative to the Elbe river. The Hrabanovská černava profile holds a record of the development of a shallow lake, which was surrounded by a cold continental steppe in the Early Dryas. Evidence of a pine forest in the Late Glacial period is captured in the surroundings of the profile Chrást. The Mělnický úval — Přívory locality is an interdune infill, where marl sediments redeposited in shallow water. The surrounding vegetation was diffuse and influenced by erosion. In the Early Holocene, the landscape was covered by an open birch-pine forest. Broad-leaved woody species appeared later. Localities in the Elbe region share a high proportion of Pinus throughout the Holocene as a result of the spread of drift and terrace sands. The human impact in the mid Holocene manifests as evidence of intensive charring of localities.

Keywords: Late Glacial; Early Holocene; lowlands; palynology, vegetation diversity; Czech Republic

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Published Online: 2014-08-19

Published in Print: 2014-07-01


Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 69, Issue 7, Pages 847–862, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-014-0381-9.

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