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Biologia




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Volume 69, Issue 8

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Anatomical description of the renal arteries and veins in the European rabbit

Peter Supuka
  • Department of Nutrition, Dietetics and Feed Production, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Komenskeho 73, SK-04181, Košice, Slovakia
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/ David Mazensky
  • Department of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Komenskeho 73, SK-04181, Košice, Slovakia
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/ Jan Danko
  • Department of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Komenskeho 73, SK-04181, Košice, Slovakia
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/ Anna Supukova
  • Institute of Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Pavol Jozef Safarik University, Trieda SNP 1, SK-04101, Košice, Slovakia
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/ Eva Petrovova
  • Department of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Komenskeho 73, SK-04181, Košice, Slovakia
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Published Online: 2014-08-19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-014-0401-9

Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe origin, localisation and variations of renal arteries and veins in the rabbit. The study was carried out on 40 adult European rabbits. We prepared corrosion casts of the rabbit arterial and venous system. Spofacryl was used as the casting medium. In 75% of cases the origin of arteriae renales was located at the level of the third lumbar vertebra and in remaining 25% of cases arteria renalis dextra branched off at the level of the second lumbar vertebra. In 10% of cases we observed that the number of arteria renalis sinistra was doubled. We recorded also in one case the presence of arteria renalis accessoria for ren dexter. In 10% of cases we observed that the number of vena renalis sinistra was doubled. In 5% of cases two venae renales sinistrae arose from the kidney and subsequently, about 1 cm from opening to vena cava caudalis, they united to form a single vein. In 5% of cases two venae renales sinistrae arose from the kidney and subsequently, approximately 1 cm away from hilus renalis, they united. The obtained variations of the number of renal arteries were partially homologous to the human, but variations of renal veins were localized on the other side as in human.

Keywords: corrosion cast; origin; renal artery; renal vein; tributary

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About the article

Published Online: 2014-08-19

Published in Print: 2014-08-01


Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 69, Issue 8, Pages 1059–1064, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-014-0401-9.

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© 2014 Slovak Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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