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Volume 70, Issue 4

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Brown and brook trout populations in the Tatra Mountain lakes (Slovakia, Poland) and contamination by long-range transported pollutants

Kateřina Dočkalová
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  • Institute for Environmental Studies, Charles University in Prague, Benátská 2, CZ-12801 Prague, Czech Republic
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/ Jana Holubcová
  • Institute for Environmental Studies, Charles University in Prague, Benátská 2, CZ-12801 Prague, Czech Republic
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/ Montse Bacardit
  • Limnological Observatory of the Pyrenees (LOOP), Centre for Advanced Studies of Blanes (CEAB-CSIC), Spain
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/ Mireia Bartrons / Lluís Camarero
  • Limnological Observatory of the Pyrenees (LOOP), Centre for Advanced Studies of Blanes (CEAB-CSIC), Spain
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/ Eva Gallego
  • Department of Environmental Chemistry, Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDÆA-CSIC) in Barcelona, Spain
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/ Joan O. Grimalt
  • Department of Environmental Chemistry, Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDÆA-CSIC) in Barcelona, Spain
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/ David Hardekopf
  • Institute for Environmental Studies, Charles University in Prague, Benátská 2, CZ-12801 Prague, Czech Republic
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/ Zuzana Hořická
  • Institute for Environmental Studies, Charles University in Prague, Benátská 2, CZ-12801 Prague, Czech Republic
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/ Bjørn Olav Rosseland
  • Department of Ecology and Natural Resource Management, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Oslo, Norway
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/ Jolana Tátosová
  • Institute for Environmental Studies, Charles University in Prague, Benátská 2, CZ-12801 Prague, Czech Republic
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/ Evžen Stuchlík
  • Institute for Environmental Studies, Charles University in Prague, Benátská 2, CZ-12801 Prague, Czech Republic
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Published Online: 2015-05-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biolog-2015-0052

Abstract

Fish living in the extreme conditions of the Tatra Mountain lakes were evaluated from a biological point of view as well as an important biomarker of long-range transported pollutants. In Veľke Hincovo pleso and in Morskie Oko, specimens of brown trout (Salmo trutta) of extraordinarily advanced age were found (ages of 18+ and 17+ years, respectively). The capture of a 17+ year-old brown trout in Morskie Oko (2400 g, 540 mm) indicated the presence of the so-called ferox life strategy. The growth of brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) was faster than the growth of brown trout in the younger year classes, and while the growth of brook trout stopped after the age of 5+, the growth of brown trout continued. Concentrations of long-range transported pollutants (HCHs, HCB, DDTs, PCBs, PBDEs, and trace metals) in the Tatra Mountain fish were mostly associated with fish age, body weight and length, type of fish tissue, and lake altitude. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in fish muscle were dominated by PCBs 138, 153, 180, and p,p’-DDE. Conversely, PBDEs concentrations ranged at substantially lower levels compared to other POPs. Altitude correlated significantly with concentrations of a-HCH, HCB, p,p’-DDT, p,p’-DDE, and with PCBs 28 and 52. The highest contents of trace metals were found in kidney and liver samples, with higher concentrations in Veľke Hincovo pleso than in Morskie Oko. The overall highest trace metal concentration levels were found for Fe, Cu, and Zn. In comparison with other European mountain lakes, the Tatra Mountain lakes are among the more contaminated.

Keywords : fish growth; Salmo trutta; Salvelinus fontinalis; ferox; POPs; trace metals; mountain lakes; Tatra Mountains; long-range transport

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About the article

Received: 2015-01-18

Accepted: 2015-02-24

Published Online: 2015-05-05

Published in Print: 2015-04-01


Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 70, Issue 4, Pages 516–529, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biolog-2015-0052.

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