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Volume 70, Issue 5


New data on the biology and habitat preferences of the oligochaete species Ripistes parasita (Annelida: Clitellata: Naididae): a case study in a temporary woodland pond

Mariola Krodkiewska
  • Department of Hydrobiology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Silesia, Bankowa 9, 40-007 Katowice, Poland
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/ Aneta Spyra
  • Department of Hydrobiology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Silesia, Bankowa 9, 40-007 Katowice, Poland
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Published Online: 2015-06-23 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biolog-2015-0070


Studies carried out in woodland ponds located in an industrial area of southern Poland revealed the occurrence of a large population of Ripistes parasita (Schmidt, 1847) in one of them. This is a naidid species that is not usually abundant in oligochaete communities. Its ecology and biology is poorly known and thus the aim of this study was to characterise the environmental conditions influencing the occurrence of R. parasita and to assess its population dynamics and life history pattern. R. parasita occurred in a pond with soft water and a low level of mineralisation, a pH ranging from 6.1 to 7.0, and a high content of nitrogen and phosphorus. During our investigation, considerable seasonal changes in the occurrence and population density were detected. Specimens of this species inhabited alder leaf deposits in winter and early spring while in summer and autumn they occupied in large number floating Nuphar lutea leaves. A stepwise regression analysis showed a relationship between the temperature and dissolved oxygen content in the water and the density of R. parasita. The R. parasita reproduced asexually by paratomy (between May and November). The mean doubling time (days) for the population was 22.4. Only a few individuals (less than 1% of the population) matured in September and October.

Keywords: Ripistes parasita; reproduction mode; environmental factors; woodland pond


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About the article

Received: 2014-11-13

Accepted: 2015-03-12

Published Online: 2015-06-23

Published in Print: 2015-05-01

Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 70, Issue 5, Pages 615–624, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biolog-2015-0070.

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