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Biologia




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Volume 71, Issue 12

Issues

Meteorite crater ponds as source of high zooplankton biodiversity

Kasper Świdnicki
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Water Protection, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznań, Poland
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/ Anna Maria Basińska
  • Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Monitoring, Faculty of Geographical and Geological Sciences, Adam Mickiewicz University, ul. Bogumiła Krygowskiego 10, 61-680 Poznań, Poland
  • Department of Meteorology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Piątkowska 94, 60–649 Poznań, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Małgorzata Pronin
  • Department of Water Protection, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznań, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Natalia Kuczyńska-Kippen
  • Department of Water Protection, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznań, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-01-12 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biolog-2016-0162

Abstract

Meteor crater ponds are extremely rare types of water body and consequently their environment, along with inhabiting fauna, are poorly recognised. We investigated the zooplankton community structure of three meteorite ponds. Their hydroperiod is usually the longest during the spring season, therefore the study-time covered the months between April and June. Within the craters we found 140 zooplankton species, which contributed to 20% of rotifer, 19% of cladoceran, 15% of copepod and 3% of ostracod Polish species. Our results showed a high diversity of zooplankton inhabiting these temporary ecosystems, even though we examined craters before the optimum of macrophyte development, which supports increase of invertebrate species richness. Only 43% of the species were common for all three ponds, although the meteorite craters were located very close to each other, possess the same catchment area and all were fishless. The high specificity of each pond was underlined by a high number of distinctive species (containing almost 30% of the total taxonomic structure). Zooplankton mainly consisted of eurytopic and common species, with representatives of families Brachionidae, Daphnidae and Cyclopidae having the highest frequency. However, over 10% of all species (e.g., Lecane elsa and Tretocephala ambigua) were determined as rare in Poland. Therefore these meteorite ponds are of a high conservation value despite the close proximity of a large urban agglomeration.

Key words: biodiversity; Rotifera; Cladocera; Copepoda; Ostracoda; temporary ponds

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About the article

Received: 2016-06-27

Accepted: 2016-12-02

Published Online: 2017-01-12

Published in Print: 2016-12-01


Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 71, Issue 12, Pages 1361–1368, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biolog-2016-0162.

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