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Biologia




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Volume 71, Issue 12

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High genetic diversity and a new cryptic species within the Ephedrus persicae species group (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae)

Andjeljko Petrović / Korana Kocić / Katarina Kos
  • Department of Agronomy, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI–1111 Ljubljana, Slovenia
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/ Milan Plećaš / Vladimir Žikić
  • Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, University of Niš, Višegradska 33, 18000 Niš, Serbia
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/ Nickolas G. Kavallieratos
  • 4Laboratory of Agricultural Zoology and Entomology, Department of Crop Science, Agricultural University of Athens, 75 Iera Odos str., 11855, Athens, Attica, Greece
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/ Željko Tomanović
  • Institute of Zoology, Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade, Studentski trg 16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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Published Online: 2017-01-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biolog-2016-0165

Abstract

In this study we used molecular markers to characterize various populations of the Ephedrus persicae species group originating from different aphid hosts and different habitat types. Twelve different haplotypes were identified in 15 E. persicae specimens, and thus there were no shared haplotypes between specimens from different aphid hosts. All haplotypes were clustered in two distinct phylogenetic clades (“persicae 1” and “persicae 2”), the average genetic distance between these two clades being 3.1%. Ephedrus persicae specimens from the “persicae 1” clade parasitize leaf-curling aphids from Prunus and Malus orchards. Furthermore, there was significant differentiation of the “persicae 2” clade into two distinct evolutionary groups, with a genetic distance of 2.5% between them. On the basis of the genetically isolated position of Ephedrus specimens associated with Brachyunguis tamaricis on Tamarix gallica (more than 5.7% genetic distance), we describe Ephedrus tamaricis sp. n. as an additional member of the E. percicae species group. Key for identification of parasitoids belonging to the E. persicae species group is provided.

Key words: Ephedrus persicae; Ephedrus tamaricis sp. n.; cytochrome oxidase subunit I; cryptic speciation

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About the article

Received: 2016-07-21

Accepted: 2016-11-25

Published Online: 2017-01-11

Published in Print: 2016-12-01


Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 71, Issue 12, Pages 1386–1394, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biolog-2016-0165.

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