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Biologia




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Volume 71, Issue 3

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Comparison of earthworm populations in arable and grassland fields in the Outer Western Carpathians, South Poland

Agnieszka Józefowska
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Soil Science and Soil Protection, Agriculture and Economy Faculty, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Al. Mickiewicza 21, 30-120 Krakow, Poland
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/ Anna Miechówka
  • Department of Soil Science and Soil Protection, Agriculture and Economy Faculty, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Al. Mickiewicza 21, 30-120 Krakow, Poland
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jan Frouz
  • Institute for Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, José Martího 407/2, CZ 6200 Prague 6, Czech Republic
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Published Online: 2016-04-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biolog-2016-0035

Abstract

The impact of different geographical regions (Silesian Foothills, region 1 and Maly Beskids, region 2), and method of soil use (arable field and grassland) on the main soil properties and biological activity was studied. Earthworm biomass, density and diversity, as well as dehydrogenase activity, were analysed. Significant soil physical and chemical properties were more affected by regions, whereas the type of land use had a greater impact on the biological properties. The mean earthworm density was 213 ind. m−2 and 241 ind. m−2 in grassland, and 50 ind. m−2 and 120 ind. m−2 in arable field, in region 1 and 2, respectively. Eight earthworm species were recorded, and fewer species were recorded in arable field (1–4) than in grassland (6–7). The Silesian Foothills are a new habitat for the occurrence of the speciesFitzingeria platyura depressa. A high earthworm density was accompanied by high microbial activity, and dehydrogenase activity was lower in the soil of arable field than in grassland soil.

Keywords: earthworms; arable and grassland fields; Fitzingeria platyura depressa

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About the article

Received: 2015-07-28

Accepted: 2016-02-03

Published Online: 2016-04-20

Published in Print: 2016-03-01


Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 71, Issue 3, Pages 316–322, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biolog-2016-0035.

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