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Biologia

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Volume 71, Issue 9

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Distribution and ecology of the flightless bush-cricket Poecilimon schmidtii at its northern range margin

Anton Krištín / Benjamín Jarčuška
Published Online: 2016-09-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biolog-2016-0128

Abstract

The distributional patterns and ecology of the ponto-mediterranean species Poecilimon schmidtii were only insufficiently known until now, despite assumed to be one of the northernmost distributed species of the genus. Based on the review of all available published and own field data, we improved the distribution map of the species and recorded it for the first time from Poland. The distribution survey was carried at 1,208 sites in Slovakia, 39 sites in SE Poland and 26 sites in W Ukraine between 1994 and 2015. P. schmidtii was found at 59 sites and the habitat requirements were analysed. The results show a clear preference of the species for broadleaved forest ecotones with hazel and Rubus spp. shrubs being the main host plants. The species was present in grid cells with a lower mean altitude, a higher annual mean temperature and a lower annual precipitation compared to those available within the northern species’ range. Its altitudinal distribution was between 105 and 950 m a.s.l. Altogether, 70 Orthoptera and one mantid species were recorded and assemblages of Orthoptera and Mantodea were described for 49 sites with P. schmidtii in Slovakia and Poland. On average 18.9 ± 7.5 (SD) species were found per site, ranging from 7 to 37. Using detrended correspondence analysis it was not possible to distinguish between the orthopteran assemblages with and without (n = 94) P. schmidtii. In the assemblages, P. schmidtii was more often present with mountainous species.

Key words: Orthoptera; distributional range; habitat choice; altitude; population; biogeography

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About the article

Received: 2016-05-10

Accepted: 2016-07-15

Published Online: 2016-09-17

Published in Print: 2016-09-01


Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 71, Issue 9, Pages 1049–1060, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biolog-2016-0128.

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