Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Biologia

12 Issues per year




Online
ISSN
1336-9563
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 71, Issue 9

Issues

Meiobenthic Assemblages from the Southwestern Coast of the Black Sea, İğneada (Turkey)

Derya Ürkmez / Murat Sezgіn / Melek Ersoy Karaçuha
  • School of Health, Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Sinop University, Sinop, Turkey
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ İbrahim Öksüz
Published Online: 2016-09-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biolog-2016-0129

Abstract

Meiobenthic organisms were sampled for the first time from İğneada coasts, Turkey (Western Black Sea) in order to provide a base-line study on the meiobenthic community structure of the sampling area. Meiobenthos was found to be composed of 12 higher taxonomical groups: Nematoda, Harpacticoida, Polychaeta, recent hard-shelled Foraminifera, soft-shelled Foraminifera, Bivalvia, Gastropoda, Ostracoda, Turbellaria, Oligochaeta, Nemertea and Acari. Meiobenthic community was dominated by nematodes, harpacticoid copepods and hard-shelled foraminifera in the study area. Fifty two species of Nematoda, fifteen species of Harpacticoida and twelve species of living hard-shelled Foraminifera were identified. Six nematode species (Bathylaimus australis, Bolbolaimus murinae, Neochromadora poecilosomoides, Neochromadora sabulicola, Oncholaimellus mediterraneus and Onyx perfectus) are reported for the first time from Turkey although they are known to occur at the central Turkish Black Sea. Total density of the meiobenthos ranged between 67–757 ind. 10 cm−2 at stations. Nematodes showed densities ranging from 61 to 350 ind. 10 cm−2 which represented 25–92% of the total meiobenthos. Since the terrestrial part of the region is protected as a National Park and the coastal part has been proposed as a marine protected area, research should be intensified on the fauna of İğneada coastal waters to clarify the biodiversity of the area.

Key words: meiobenthos; Nematoda; Harpacticoida; hard-shelled Foraminifera; species composition; Marine Protected Area (MPA)

References

  • Apostolov A. & Marinov T. 1988. Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Fauna Bulgarica, 18. In: Aedibus Acad. Scient. Bulgaricae, Sofia 18: 1–384.Google Scholar

  • Armenteros M., Ruiz-Abierno A., Fernández-Garcés R., Pérez-García J.A., Díaz-Asencio L., Vincx M. & Decraemer W. 2009. Biodiversity patterns of free-living marine nematodes in a tropical bay: Cienfuegos, Caribbean Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 85 (2): 179–189. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Băcescu M. 1960. Cîteva animale necunoscute înca în Marea Neagra si descrierea unor Malacostracei noi (Elaphognathia monodi n.sp. si Pontotanais borceai n.g. n.sp.), provenind din apele pontice prebosforice [Some still unknown animals in the Black Sea and description of Malacostraca (Elaphognathia monodi n.sp. and Pontotanais borceai n.g. n.sp.) from the prebosphoric Pontic waters]. Academia Republicii Populare Romîne, Studii si Cercetari de Biologie seria Biologie Animala 12: 107–124.Google Scholar

  • Băcescu M. & Mărgineanu C. 1959. Éléments méditerranéens nouveaux dans la faune de la Mer Noire, rencontrés dans les eaux de Roumélie (Nord-Ouest-Bosphore). Données nouvelles sur le problčme du peuplement actuel de la Mer Noire. Archivio di Oceanografia e Limnologia 11 (Suppl.): 63–74.Google Scholar

  • Balsamo M., Semprucci F., Frontalini F. & Coccioni R. 2012. Meiofauna as a tool for marine ecosystem biomonitoring, Chapter 4, pp. 77–104. . In: Cruzado A. (ed.), Marine Ecosystems, InTech Publisher 4, 322 pp. ISBN: 978-953-51-0176-5, CrossrefCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Brennan M.L., Davis D., Roman C., Buynevich I., Catsambis A., Kofahl M., Ürkmez D., Ian Vaughn J., Merrigan M. & Duman M. 2013. Ocean dynamics and anthropogenic impacts along the southern Black Sea shelf examined by the preservation of premodern shipwrecks. Continental Shelf Research 53: 89– 101. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Caraion F.E. 1959. Ostracode noi in Marea Neagră (apele bosforice) [New Ostracodes of the Black Sea (Bosphorus waters)]. Comunicările Academia Republicii Populare Romine 9: 265–273.Google Scholar

  • Cimerman F. & Langer M.R. 1991. Mediterranean Foraminifera. Slovenska Akademia Znanosti, Ljubljana, 118 pp. ISBN: 8671310531, 9788671310536Google Scholar

  • Debenay J.P., Della Patrona L., Herbland A. & Goguenheim H. 2009. The impact of Easily Oxidized Material (EOM) on the meiobenthos: Foraminifera abnormalities in Shrimp ponds of New Caledonia, implications for environment and paleoenvironment survey. Marine Pollution Bulletin 59 (8-12): 323– 335. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Didkowsky V.Y. 1969. Foraminifery pribosforskogo raĭona Chernogo morya [Foraminifera of the near Bosporus area of the Black Sea], pp. 70–72. In: Vinogradov K.A., Vinogradova Z.A. & Zaitsev Yu.P. (eds), Biologicheskie problemy okeanografii yuzhnykh moreĭ [Biological Problems of Oceanography of the Southern Seas], Naukova Dumka, Kiev, 198 pp. ISBN: 200002060855Google Scholar

  • Du Châtelet É.A., Bout-Roumazeilles V., Riboulleau A. & Trentesaux A. 2009. Sediment (grain size and clay mineralogy) and organic matter quality control on living benthic foraminifera. Contrôle du sédiment (granulométrie et minéralogie des argiles) et de la qualité de la matière organique sur les foraminifères benthiques vivants. Rev. Micropaléontol. 52 (1): 75–84. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ersoy-Karaçuha M. & Sezgin M. 2013. The changes in the diversity and abundance of the harpacticoid copepods (Crustacea) distributed in the upper-infralittoral zone of the Black Sea (Sinop, Turkey), pp. 69–70. In: Proceedings of the 4th Bi-annual Black Sea Scientific Conference 2013, Constanta, Romania.Google Scholar

  • Ersoy-Karaçuha M., Sezgin M. & Gökkurt Baki O. 2011. The relationship between the distribution of harpacticoid copepods with the environmental factors and the sediment characteristics in the Black Sea (Sinop, Turkey), pp. 207–208. In: Abstracts: 3rd Bi-annual Black Sea Scientific Conference and Up-Grade BS-Scene Project Joint Conference 2011, Odessa 1–4 November 2011, Ukraine.Google Scholar

  • Frontalini F., Semprucci F., Armynot du Châtelet E., Francescangeli F., Margaritelli G., Rettori R., Spagnoli F., Balsamo M. & Coccioni R. 2014. Biodiversity trends of the meiofauna and foraminifera assemblages of Lake Varano (southern Italy). Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 127 (1): 7–22. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Gheskiere T., Hoste E., Kotwicki L., Degraer S., Vanaverbeke J. & Vincx M. 2002. The sandy beach meiofauna and free-living nematodes from De Panne (Belgium), pp. 43–49. In: Peeters M. & Van Goethem J.L. (eds), Belgian Fauna and Alien Species, Bulletin van het Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen 72 (Suppl.), Brussel, 297 pp.Google Scholar

  • Heip C., Vincx M. & Vranken G. 1985. The ecology of marine nematodes. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review 23: 399–489.Google Scholar

  • Higgins R.P. & Thiel H. 1988. Introduction to the study of meiofauna. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington DC, 488 pp. ISBN: 0874744881, 9780874744880Google Scholar

  • Kharkevych Kh.O. 2013. Species composition and ecology of tardigrades of the Black Sea. Natura Montenegrina 12 (2): 357–368.Google Scholar

  • Kharkevych Kh.O. & Sergeeva N.G. 2013. Deep-water Tardigrada of the Istanbul Strait’s (Bosporus) outlet area of the Black Sea. Vest. Zool. 47 (3): 17–27. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Lang K. 1948. Monographie der Harpacticiden. Håkan Ohlssons Boktryckeri, Lund, Sweden, 1682 pp. ISBN: 3874290891, 9783874290890Google Scholar

  • Luth U. 2004. The benthos of the oxic/anoxic interface in the western Black Sea: comparative macro- and meiofauna investigations on transects from the Ukrainian, Romanian and Turkish shelf, pp. 2–69. In: Öztürk B., Mokievsky V.O. & Topaloğlu B. (eds), Proceedings of the International Workshop on Black Sea benthos, 19–23 April 2004, Istanbul, Turkey, 245 pp. ISBN: 975-8825-04-6Google Scholar

  • Marinov T. 1962. Über die Muschelkrebs-Fauna des westlichen Schwarzmeerstrandes. Academie Bulgarie des Sciences, Section de Biologie. Bulletin de l’Institut Central de Recherche Scientifique de Pisciculture et de Pecherie, Varna 2: 81–108.Google Scholar

  • Öksüz İ., Sezgin M., Kırcı-Elmas E. & Gündoğdu A. 2011. Seasonal changes of Ammonia (Foraminifera) inhabiting the southern Black Sea (Sinop Bay, Turkey), p. 62. In: In: Abstracts: 3rd Bi-annual Black Sea Scientific Conference and Up-Grade BS-Scene Project Joint Conference 2011, Odessa 1–4 November 2011, Ukraine.Google Scholar

  • Öztürk B., Topaloğlu B., Kıdeyş B., Bat L., Keskin Ç., Sezgin M., Amaha Öztürk A. & Yalçıner A.C. 2013. A proposal for new marine protected areas along the Turkish Black Sea coast. J. Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment 19 (3): 365–379.Google Scholar

  • Rafaelli D.G. & Manson C.F. 1981. Pollution monitoring with meiofauna, using the ratio of nematodes to copepods. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 12 (5): 158–163. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sandulli R., Semprucci F. & Balsamo M. 2014. Taxonomic and functional biodiversity variations of meiobenthic and nematode assemblages across an extreme environment: a study case in a Blue Hole cave. Ital. J. Zool. 81 (4): 508–516. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Semprucci F., Balsamo M. & Frontalini F. 2014. The nematode assemblage of a coastal lagoon (Lake Varano, Southern Italy): ecology and biodiversity patterns. Scientia Marina 78 (4): 579–588. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Semprucci F., Balsamo M. & Sandulli R. 2016. Assessment of the Ecological quality (EcoQ) of the Venice lagoon using the structure and biodiversity of the meiofaunal assemblages. Ecological Indicators 67: 451–457. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Semprucci F., Colantoni P., Baldelli G., Rocchi M. & Balsamo M. 2010. The distribution of meiofauna on back-reef sandy platforms in the Maldives (Indian Ocean). Marine Ecology: An Evolutionary Perspective 31 (4): 592–607. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Semprucci F., Colantoni P., Sbrocca C., Baldelli G., Rocchi M. & Balsamo M. 2011. Meiofauna in sandy back-reef platforms differently exposed to the monsoons in the Maldives (Indian Ocean). J. Mar. Syst. 87 (3-4): 208–215. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Semprucci F., Frontalini F., Covazzi-Harriague A., Coccioni R. & Balsamo M. 2013. Meio- and Macrofauna in the marine area of the Monte St. Bartolo Natural Park (Central Adriatic Sea, Italy). Scientia Marina 77 (1): 189–199. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sergeeva N.G. 1973a. Novye vidy svobodozhivushchikh nematod Chernogo morya iz otryada Chromadorida [New species of free-living Nematodes of the order Chromadorida in the Black Sea]. Zool. Zh. 52 (8): 1238–1241.Google Scholar

  • Sergeeva N.G. 1973b. Novye vidy svobodozhivushchikh nematod otryada Enoplida iz Chernogo morya. Soobshchenie 1. [New species of free-living Nematodes of the order Enoplida from the Black Sea]. Zool. Zh. 52 (11): 1710–1714.Google Scholar

  • Sergeeva N.G. 1974. Novye vidy svobodozhivushchikh nematod otryada Enoplida iz Chernogo morya. Soobshchenie 2. [New free-living Nematodes (Enoplida) from the Black Sea]. Zool. Zh. 53 (1): 120–125.Google Scholar

  • Sergeeva N.G. 1977. Novye dlya Chernogo morya svobodozhivushchie nematody [Free-living Nematoda, new for the Black Sea]. Vest. Zool. 1: 36–44.Google Scholar

  • Sergeeva N.G. 2003. Meĭobentos v raĭone sipingovykh istochnikov [Meiobenthos in the region with the methane gas seeps], pp. 258–267. In: Eremeev V.N. & Gaevskaya A.V. (eds), Sovremennoe sostoyanie bioraznoobraziya pribrezhnykh vod Kryma (chernomorskiĭ sektor) [Modern condition of biological diversity in near-shore zone of the Crimea (the Black Sea sector)], EKOSI – Gidrophizika, Sevastopol, 511 pp. ISBN: 966-02-3133-4Google Scholar

  • Sergeeva N.G. & Kopytina N.I. 2014. The first marine filamentous fungi discovered in the bottom sediments of the oxic/anoxic interface and in the bathyal zone of the Black Sea. Turk. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 14 (2): 497–505. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sergeeva N.G. & Mazlumyan S.A. 2015. Deep – water hypoxic meiobenthic Protozoa and Metazoa taxa of the Istanbul Strait’s (Bosporus) outlet area of the Black Sea. Ecologica Montenegrina 2 (3): 255–270.Google Scholar

  • Sergeeva N.G., Mazlumyan S.A., Çağatay M.N & Lichtschlag A. 2013. Hypoxic meiobenthic communities of the Istanbul Strait’s (Bosporus) outlet area of the Black Sea. Turk. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 13 (1): 33–41. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sergeeva N.G. & Zaika V.E. 2013. The Black Sea Meiobenthos in Permanently Hypoxic Habitat. Acta Zool. Bulg. 65 (2): 139–150.Google Scholar

  • Sezgin M., Ürkmez D. & Ersoy-Karaçuha M. 2013. Application of Nematode/Copepod Index in the Black Sea: Any indication for use in monitoring of organic pollution? pp. 41–42. . In: Abstracts: 4th Biannual Black Sea Scientific Conference, Black Sea – Challenges towards good environmental status, Constanta, Romania.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Soltwedel T. 2000. Metazoan meiobenthos along continental margins: A Review. Progress in Oceanography 46: 59–84. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Temelkov B.K. 2008. Ecological Characteristics of the Foraminiferal Founa (Protozoa: Foraminifera) of the Bulgarian South Black Sea Area. Acta Zool. Bulg. 2: 275–282.Google Scholar

  • Urban-Malinga B. 2014. Meiobenthos in marine coastal sediments, pp. 59–78. . In: Martini I.P. & Wanless H.R. (eds), Sedimentary Coastal Zones from High to Low Latitudes: Similarities and Differences, Special Publications, Vol. 388, Geological Society, London, 587 pp.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ürkmez D. 2015. Dynamics of the meiobenthic nematode fauna in Sinop Bay (Southern Black Sea) with a focus on the taxonomy and ecology of Chromadoridae. PhD. Thesis, Sinop University, Sinop, Turkiye.Google Scholar

  • Ürkmez D., Brennan M.L., Sezgin M. & Bat L. 2015. A brief look at the free-living Nematoda of the oxic/anoxic interface with a new genus record (Trefusia) for the Black Sea. Oceanol. Hydrobiol. Stud. 44 (4): 539–551. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ürkmez D., Sergeeva N.G., Sezgin M. & Gökkurt Baki O. 2011. Trophic diversity of free-living marine nematodes in relation to several abiotic factors in Sinop Bay (Turkey), p. 228. . In: Proceedings of the 3rd Biannual Black Sea Scientific Conference and UP-grade BS-scene Project Joint Conference 2011, Odessa, Ukraine.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ürkmez D., Sezgin M., Ersoy Karaçuha M., Öksüz İ., Katağan T., Bat L., Dağl. E. & Şahin F. 2016. Within-year spatiotemporal variation in meiofaunal abundance and community structure, Sinop Bay, the Southern Black Sea. Oceanol. Hydrobiol. Stud. 45 (1): 55–65. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Wells J.B.J. 2007. An annotated checklist and keys to the species of Copepoda Harpacticoida (Crustacea). Zootaxa 1568: 1–872. ISBN: 978-1-86977-109-6Google Scholar

  • Wieser W. 1953. Die Beziehung zwischen Mundhohlengestalt, Ernahrungsweise und Vorkommen bei freilebenden marinen Nematoden. Arkiv för Zoologi (Ser. 2) 4: 439–484.Google Scholar

  • Yanko V.V. & Vorob’eva L.V. 1991. Foraminifery pribosforskogo raĭona Chernogo morya [Foraminifera of the Bosphorus region of the Black Sea]. Ekologiya Moriya 39: 47–50.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2016-05-05

Accepted: 2016-06-03

Published Online: 2016-09-17

Published in Print: 2016-09-01


Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 71, Issue 9, Pages 1017–1026, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biolog-2016-0129.

Export Citation

©2016 Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in