Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …


More options …
Volume 72, Issue 6


Distribution of the genus Veigaia (Mesostigmata: Veigaiidae) in Romania with notes on the species ecology

Minodora Manu
  • Romanian Academy, Institute of Biology Bucharest, Department of Ecology, Taxonomy and Nature Conservation, Ecological Stationary from Posada, 296 Splaiul Independenţei Street, code 0603100, PO-BOX 56-53, Bucharest, Romania
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Adina Călugăr
  • Institute of Biological Research Iaşi – Branch of National Institute of Research and Development for Biological Sciences, Department of Experimental and Applied Biology from the, Bucharest, 47 Lascăr Catargi Street, Iaşi, code 700107, Romania
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Denisa Badiu
  • University of Bucharest, Centre for Environmental Research and Impact Studies, 1 Nicolae Bălcescu Street, code, 010041 Bucharest, Romania
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-06-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biolog-2017-0072


Genus Veigaia Oudemans, 1905 of the Veigaiidae family (Acari: Mesostigmata: Veigaiidae) is one of the most ubiquitous genera from Holarctic Region. In Romania 10 species were recorded as being distributed across the entire country. In the frame of this study we present the distribution data of all recorded Romanian Veigaia species: Veigaia cerva (Kramer, 1876); Veigaia exigua (Berlese, 1917); Veigaia kochi (Trägårdh, 1901); Veigaia nemorensis (C.L. Koch, 1839); Veigaia paradoxa Willmann, 1951; Veigaia planicola Berlese, 1892; Veigaia propinqua Willmann, 1936; Veigaia transisalae (Oudemans, 1902), Veigaia transylvanica Kontschán & Ujvári, 2008 and Veigaia uncata Farrier, 1957. At the same time, new characteristic ecological requirements for the Veigaia species were described (type of ecosystem, habitat, altitude and soil).

Key words: mite; Veigaia; soil; altitude; habitat; new records; Romania


  • Ács A. & Kontschán J. 2015. Contribution to the Veigaiidae Oudemans, 1939 fauna of the Carpathian Basin and the Balkan Peninsula (Acari: Mesostigmata). Opusc. Zool. Budapest 46 (2): 121–131. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Arroyo J., O’Grady A., Vance H. & Bolger T. 2015. The mite (Acari: Oribatida, Mesostigmata) assemblages associated with Lasius flavus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) nests and surrounding soil in an Irish grassland. Biol. Environ. 115B (1): 1–12. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Błaszak C., Ehrnsberger R. & Skorupski M. 2006. European mites of tbe genus Veigaia Oudemans, 1905 (Acari, Gamasida: Veigaiaidae). Abh. Ber. Naturkundemus. Görlitz. 78 (1): 3–9.Google Scholar

  • Bregetova N.G. 1977. Seme istvo Veigaiaidae Oudemans, 1939 [Family Veigaiaidae Oudemans, 1939], pp. 108–145. In: Ghilyarov M.S. & Bregetova N.G. (eds), Opredelitel’ obitauyshchikh v pochve kleshcheĭ. Mesostigmata [Key to the Soil-inhabiting Mites, Mesostigmata], Nauka, Leningrad, 718 pp.Google Scholar

  • Călugăr A. 2006. On the gamasid fauna (Acari: Gamasina) from the grassland ecosystems of the Moldavian Plain (Romania). Complexul Muzeal de Ştiinţe ale Naturii, Ion Borcea. Studii şi comunicări. Bacău 21: 232–235.Google Scholar

  • Călugăr A. 2010. Faunistic researches on gamasid mites (Acari: Gamasina) from natural and anthropized forest ecosystems from Moldavian Plain. Analele Ştiinţifice ale Universităţii “Al. I. Cuza” Iaşi, s. Biologie animală [Scientific Annals of “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iaşi (New Series), Section 1. Animal Biol.] 61/LVI: 43–51.Google Scholar

  • Călugăr A. 2013. Effect of pollution with cement dust on the edaphic gamasid mite fauna (Acari: Gamasina) in different forest ecosystems from Romania. Acarologia 53 (2): 151–161. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Călugăr A. & Ivan O. 2013. Diversity and distribution of the edaphic mites (Acari: Gamasina, Oribatida) in some forest plantations from the Central Moldavian Plateau. Lucrări Ştiinţifice. Seria Agronomie/Agronomy Series of Scientific Research 56 (2): 97–103.Google Scholar

  • Călugăr A. & Huţu M. 1999. On the gamasid fauna (Acari: Gamasida) from the hardwood forests of Tutova’s hills. Suceava. Anuarul Muzeului Naţional al Bucovinei. Fascicula Stiintele Naturii25: 47–60.Google Scholar

  • Călugăr A. & Huţu M. 2008. Mezofauna edafică. Fauna de Gamaside edifice (Acari: gamasia, Leach, 1815), pp. 238–246. In: Chifu T., Manoliu A. & Toma C. (eds), Parcul Naţional Călimani, Studii Ecologice şi de Biodiversitate, Editura Alma Mater, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. ISBN: 978–606–504–039–7Google Scholar

  • Collman D.D., Crossley D.A. Jr. & Hendrix P.F. 2004. Fundamentals of Soil Ecology. 2nd ed. Elsevier Academic Press, USA, 386 pp. ISBN: 978-0-12-179726-3Google Scholar

  • Council of the European Union. 1992. Council Directive 92/43/ EEC of 21 May 1992 on the Conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora: Official Journal of E.U., 22.7.92 (L: 206/7) 35: 7–50.Google Scholar

  • Dirilgen T., Arroyo J., Dimmers W.J., Faber J., Stone D., Martins da Silva P., Carvalho F., Schmelz R, Griffiths B.S., Francisco R, Creamer R.E., Sousa J.P. & Bolger T. 2016. Mite community composition across a European transect and its relationships to variation in other components of soil biodiversity. Appl. Soil Ecol. 97: 86–97. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Georgescu A. 1982. Populaţiile de acarieni (Gamasida; Mesostigmata) liberi din unele tipuri de soluri forestiere. Teză de doctorat [The populations of free mites (Gamasina; Mesostigmata) of some types of forest soils, PhD thesis]. Universitatea Babeş-Bolyai–Cluj, 181 pp.Google Scholar

  • Georgescu A. 1984. Fauna de Gamaside (acarieni) din soluri poluate din zona industriala Zlatna. Fauna de Gamaside (acarieni) din soluri poluate din zona industriala Zlatna [Gamasids fauna (mites) from polluted soil from Zlatna industrial area]. Studii şi Cercetări de Biologie, Seria Biologie Animală 36 (1): 33–39.Google Scholar

  • Georgescu A. 1985. Fauna de Gamasidae (Acarieni) din unele soluri din Munţii Bihor. Crisia 15: 503–513.Google Scholar

  • Georgescu A. & Vicol A. 1988. Cercetări asupra faunei de acarieni edafici din trei ecosisteme forestiere din Parcul Natural Retezat (Carpaţii sudici). Studii şi Cercetări de Biologie, Seria Biologie Animală 40 (2): 77–82.Google Scholar

  • Glime J.M. 2013. Arthropods: Mite habitats and minor arachnids, Chapter 9-2, pp. 912–9129. In: Glime J.M. (ed.), Bryophyte Ecology, Vol. 2.: Bryological Interaction, e-book sponsored by Michigan Technological University and the International Association of Bryologists. Last updated 6 July 2013 and available at < www.bryoecol.mtu.edu.

  • Grażyna M., Barczyk G. & Gawend J. 2011. Importance of microhabitats for preservation of species diversity, on the basis of mesostigmatid mites (Mesostigmata, Arachnida, Acari). Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 20 (4): 961–968.Google Scholar

  • Grażyna M. & Kozub M. 2014. Possibilities of using soil microarthropods, with emphasis on mites (Arachnida, Acari, Mesostigmata), in assessment of successional stages in a reclaimed coal mine dump (Pszów, S Poland). Biol. Lett. 51 (1) : 19–36. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Gwiazdowicz D., Kamczyc J. & Rakowski R. 2011. Mesostigmatid mites from four classes of wood decay. Exp. Appl. Acarol. 55 (2): 155–165. .CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hasegawa M. 2001. The relationship between the organic matter composition of a forest floor and the structure of a soil arthropod community. Eur. J. Soil Biol. 37 (4): 281–284. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Honciuc V. & Manu M. 2010. Ecological study on the edaphic mite populations (Acari: Mesostigmata – Gamasina, Oribatida) in urban areas from Romania. Rom. J. Biol. - Zool. 55 (1): 3–17.Google Scholar

  • Ivan O. & Călugăr A. 2004a. The fauna of edaphic mites (Acari: Oribatida, Gamasida) in some peat bogs-protected areas in North Moldavia (Romania). Anuarul Complexului Muzeal Bucovina– Suceava. Fascicula Ştiinţele Naturii 16-17: 127–150.Google Scholar

  • Ivan O. & Călugăr A. 2004b. On the diversity and distribution of edaphic mites (Acari: Gamasida, Oribatida) in some saxicolous, low – altitude habitats in the North – Eastern Romania, Anuarul Complexului Muzeal Bucovina – Suceava. Fascicula Ştiinţele Naturii 16-17: 151–168.Google Scholar

  • Ivan O., Călugăr A. & Vasiliu N. 2006. A survey of the edaphic mites fauna (Acari: Oribatida, Gamasina) from the main types of forest ecosystems in the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve. Scientific Annals of the Danube Delta Institute, Tulcea 12: 45–54.Google Scholar

  • Kaczmarek S., Marquardt T. & Falenczyk-Kozirog K. 2009. Checklist of soil Mesostigmata (Acari) of Central Croatia (Dalmatia) with some microenvironmental remarks. Pol. J. Entomol. 78: 177–184.Google Scholar

  • Kamczyc J. & Skorupski M. 2014. Mites (Acari, Mesostigmata) from the rock cracks and crevices in rock labirynths in the Stołowe Mountains National Park (SW Poland). Biol. Lett. 51 (1): 55–62. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kalúz S. 1993. Veigaia inexpectata sp. n. (Acarina, Veigaiaidae) a new gamasid mite from the Slovak Republic. Biologia 48 (5): 507–510.Google Scholar

  • Karg W. 1993. Acari (Acarina), Milben Parasitiformes (Anactinochaeta) Cohors Gamasina Leach, Raubmilben. In: Dahl F. (ed.), Tierwelt Deutschland 59, 2nd Edn., Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena, Stuttgart, 523 pp. ISBN: 978-3-931374-48-8Google Scholar

  • Klarner B., Maraun M. & Scheu S. 2013. Trophic diversity and niche partitioning in a species rich predator guild – Natural variations in stable isotope ratios (13C/12C, 15N/14N) of mesostigmatid mites (Acari, Mesostigmata) from Central European beech forests. Soil Biol. Biochem. 57: 327–333. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kölbl A. & Kögel-Knabner I. 2004. Content and composition of free and occluded particulate organic matter in a differently textured arable Cambisol as revealed by solid-state 13C NMR spectroscopy. J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci. 167 (1): 45–53. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Koehler H.H. 1999. Predatory mites (Gamasina, Mesostigmata). Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 74 (1-3): 395–410. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Koehler H.H., Munderloh E. & Hofmann S. 1995. Soil microarthropods (Acari, Collembola) from beach and dunes: characteristic and ecosystems context. J. Coast. Conserv. 1 (1): 77–86. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kontschán J., Acs A. & Sutak A. 2015. New data to the soil mite (Acari) fauna of Sălaj, Romania. Studia Universitatis Vasile Goldis (Life Sciences Series) 25 (4): 221–225.Google Scholar

  • Kontschán J. & Ujvári Zs. 2008. Mesostigmatid mies from Maramureş (Acari: Mesostigmata) I. Studia Universitatis Vasile Goldis (Life Sciences Series) 18: 347–357.Google Scholar

  • Krantz G.W. & Walter D.E. 2009. A Manual of Acarology. 3rd Edn. Texas Tech University Press; Lubbock, Texas, 807 pp. ISBN-13: 978-0896726208Google Scholar

  • Manu M. 2009. Ecological research on predatory mite populations (Acari: Mesostigmata) in some Romanian forests. Biharean Biologist 3 (2): 111–117.Google Scholar

  • Manu M. 2010a. Predator mites (Acari: Mesostigmata-Gamasina) from soil of some spoilt areas from Retezat and Ţracu-Petreanu mountains. Studia Universitatis Vasile Goldis (Life Sciences Series) 20 (3): 9–94.Google Scholar

  • Manu M. 2010b. Structure and dynamics of the predator mite’s populations (Acari-Mesostigmata) in some shrubs ecosystems from Prahova and Doftana Valley. Studia Uuniversitatis Babeş – Bolyai, Biologia 55 (1): 17–30.Google Scholar

  • Manu M. 2011. Influence of the cliff microclimate on the population ecology of soil predatory mites (Acari: Mesostigmata – Gamasina) from Romania, pp. 1–6. In: Bulgarian National Multidisciplinary Scientific Network of the Professional Society for Research Work (ed.), Proceedings of the Third International Congress “Research People and Actual Task on Multidisciplinary Sciences”, Lozenec, Bulgary 3.Google Scholar

  • Manu M. 2012. The similarities between predator mite populations (Acari: Gamasina) from some natural forests in Bucegi Massif, Romania. Biologia 67 (2): 390–396.Google Scholar

  • Manu M. 2013. Comparative study concerning soil mites communities (Acari: Mesostigmata) from some anthropized marshlands from Insula Marea a Brăilei. Rom. J. Biol. – Zool. 58 (1): 9–18.Google Scholar

  • Manu M., Băncilă R.I. & Onete M. 2013. Soil mite communities (Acari: Gamasina) from different ecosystem types from Romania. Belg. J. Zool. 143 (1): 30–41.Google Scholar

  • Manu M. & Honciuc V. 2010. Ecological research on the soil mites populations (Acari: Mesostigmata – Gamasina, Oribatida) from forest ecosystems near Bucharest City. Rom. J. Biol. – Zool. 55 (1): 19–30.Google Scholar

  • Manu M., Iordache V., Băncilă R.I., Bodescu F. & Onete M. 2016. The influence of the environment variables on soil mite communities from overgrazed grassland ecosystems–Romania. Ital. J. Zool. 83 (1): 89–97. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Manu M. & Onete M. 2013. Structural characteristics of soil mite populations (Acari- Mesostigmata) from oak-hornbeam forests from southern-Romania. Muzeul Olteniei Craiova. Oltenia. Studii şi comunicări. Ştiinţele Naturii 29 (1): 306–312.Google Scholar

  • Manu M. & Onete M. 2015. Diversity of oil mite fauna (Acari: Mesostigmata) from some cliff ecosystems – Romania. Muzeul Olteniei Craiova. Oltenia. Studii şi comunicări. Ştiinţele Naturii 31 (2): 95–100.Google Scholar

  • Marchenko I.I. 2011. Spatial typological organization of the soil Gamasina mite (Acari, Mesostigmata) community of the Northeastern Altai. Communication I, Contemp. Probl. Ecol. 4 (4): 379–387. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Marchenko I.I. 2012. Spatial typological organization of the soil Gamasina mite (Acari, Mesostigmata) community of the Northeastern Altai. Communication II. Contemp. Probl. Ecol. 5 (1): 23–33. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Marchenko I.I. & Bogomolova I.N. 2015. Spatial–typologic organization of populations of soil gamasid mites (Acari, Mesostigmata) in Northern Altai Mountains. Contemp. Probl. Ecol. 8 (2): 202–210. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Mašán P., Fenďa P. & Mihál I. 2008. New edaphic mites of the genus Veigaia from Slovakia and Bulgaria, with a key to the European species (Acari, Mesostigmata, Veigaiidae). Zootaxa 1897: 1–19. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Mašán P. & Madej G., 2011. Description of two cave-dwelling mites of the genus Veigaia (Acari: Mesostigmata: Veigaiidae) from Belgium: V. hubarti sp. n. and V. leruthi Willmann, 1935. J. Nat. Hist. 45 (13-14): 751–765. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Munteanu I. & Florea N. 2001. Present – day status of soil classification in Romania, pp. 55–62. In: Micheli E., Nachtergaele F.O., Jones R.J.A. & Montanarella L. (eds), Soil Classification 2001, European Soil Bureau Research Report No.7, EUR 20398 EN, (2002), 248pp. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.Google Scholar

  • Nielsen U.N., Osler G.H.R., Campbell C.D., Burslem D.F.R.P. & van der Wal R. 2010. The influence of vegetation type, soil properties and precipitation on the composition of soil mite and microbial communities at the landscape scale. J. Biogeogr. 37 (7): 1317–1328. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Osman K.T. 2013. Forest Soils. Properties and Management. Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, 217 pp. ISBN: 978-3-319-02540-7Google Scholar

  • Pavlova A. 2009. [Methodical review of the re-search about cave fauna in western Rhodope, Bulgaria]. Ecol. Balk. 1: 103–120. (In Bulgarian)Google Scholar

  • Radu V. Gh. & Domocoş M. 1965. Contribuţii la studiul acarienilor din sol (Mesostigmata – Parasitoidea). Sesiunea Centrului de Cercetări biologice ale Academiei Române, Cluj, pp. 91–96.Google Scholar

  • Rennert T., Gockel K.F. & Mansfeldt T. 2007. Extraction of water-soluble organic matter from mineral horizons of forest soils. J. Soil. Sci. Plant. Nutr. 170 (4): 514–521. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Romanian Official Monitor no. 442 from 29 June 2007. Emergency Ordinance no. 57 from 20 June 2007 on the protected sites status, on conservation of natural habitats, flora and wild fauna.Google Scholar

  • Ruf A. & Beck L. 2005. The use of predatory soil mites in ecological soil classification and assessment concepts, with perspectives for oribatid mites. Ecotox. Environ. Safe. 62 (2): 290–299. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Rumpela C., Kögel-Knabnera I. & Bruhn F. 2002. Vertical distribution, age, and chemical composition of organic carbon in two forest soils of different pedogenesis. Org. Geochem. 33 (10): 1131–1142. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sabbatini Peverieri G., Romano M., Pennacchio F., Nannelli R. & Roversi P.F. 2011. Gamasid soil mites (Arachnida Acari) as indicators of the conservation status of forests. Redia 94: 53–58.Google Scholar

  • Salmane I. 2001. A check list of Latvian Gamasina mites (Acari, Mesostigmata) with short notes to their ecology. Latvijas Entomologs. 38: 21–26.Google Scholar

  • Salmane I. & Brumelis G. 2008. The importance of the moss layer in sustaining biological diversity of Gamasina mites in coniferous forest soil. Pedobiologia 52 (1): 69–76. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Salmane I. & Brumelis G. 2010. Species list and habitat preference of mesostigmata mites (Acari, Parasitiformes) in Latvia. Acarologia 50 (3): 373–394. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Santamaría J.M., Moraza M.L., Elustondo D., Baquero E., Jordana R., Lasheras E., Bermejo R. & Arino A.H. 2012. Diversity of acari and collembola along a pollution gradient in soils of a Pyrenean forest ecosystem. Environ. Eng. Manag. J. 11 (6): 1159–1169.Google Scholar

  • Skorupski M., Belter W., Kamczyc J. & Wierzbicka A. 2008. Soil mites (Acari, Mesostigmata) of the ‘Torfowiska Doliny Izery’ Reserve in the Sudety Mountains. Soil Organisms 80 (2): 261–270.Google Scholar

  • Solomon L. 1982. First investigation on the Mesostigmatic mites in the Călimani Mountains. Analele Ştiinţifice ale Universităţii ”Alexandru Ioan Cuza”, Iaşi, Secţiunea I. Biologie Animalăa 28: 79–86.Google Scholar

  • Solomon L. 1985a. Zoocoenotical researches on the Veigaiaidae from the Slătioara-Rarău secular forest. Annuarul Muzeului Judeţean Suceava. Fascicola Ştiinţele Naturi 8: 139–142.Google Scholar

  • Solomon L. 1985b. The structure and biomass of the gamasidocenosis from a mountain forest ecosystem. Scientific Annals of “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iasi. (New Series), Section 1. Animal Biology 31: 21–28.Google Scholar

  • Solomon L. & Roznovăţ A. 1969. Cecetări asupra acarienilor din sol (Mesostigmata, Parasitiformes). ComunicăRi Ştiinţifice. Univ. ”Al.I. Cuza”, Iaşi, Institutul Pedagogic de 3 ani, pp. 285–292.Google Scholar

  • Stănescu M. & Honciuc V. 2004. Structure and dynamics of the edaphic acari (Mesostigmata, Oribatida) in Quercus cerris and Quercus pubescens forest from the south of the Romanian field. Proceedings of the Institute of Biology, Romanian Academy, Bucharest 6: 149–155.Google Scholar

  • Stănescu M. & Juvara Balş I. 2005. Biogeographical distribution of Gamasina mites from Romania (Acari-Mesostigmata). Rom. J. Biol. – Zool. 50 (1-2): 57–74.Google Scholar

  • Ţărău D., Rogobete Gh., Dicu D. & Niţă L. 2012. Romanian Soil Taxonomy System Srts-2012. Res. J. Agr. Sci. 44 (3): 140–145.Google Scholar

  • Walter D.E. & Proctor H. 2013. Mites: Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour: Life at a Microscale. 2nd Edn, Springer, 494 pp. ISBN: 978-94-007-7163-5Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2017-01-09

Accepted: 2017-03-30

Published Online: 2017-06-30

Published in Print: 2017-06-27

Citation Information: Biologia, Volume 72, Issue 6, Pages 628–641, ISSN (Online) 1336-9563, ISSN (Print) 0006-3088, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/biolog-2017-0072.

Export Citation

© 2017 Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in