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Basic Income Studies

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Good and Bad Times of Social Innovations: The Case of Universal Basic Income in Finland

Pertti KoistinenORCID iD: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9436-6921 / Johanna Perkiö
Published Online: 2015-01-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bis-2014-0009


This article draws on innovation and agenda-setting theories to identify critical points in the realization of basic income in Finland. Our empirical data comprise 13 models of either unconditional basic income or social security reform proposals with some similarity to basic income. The models examined were published in Finland between 1984 and 2011. Using these data, we build a conceptual framework that enables us to discuss the role of the content, players, political and macro-economic context, and public interpretations in the successes and failures of the basic income initiatives.

Keywords: basic income; innovation theories; agenda-setting theories; social security reform


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Websites used for data collection

About the article

Published Online: 2015-01-15

Published in Print: 2014-12-01

Citation Information: Basic Income Studies, Volume 9, Issue 1-2, Pages 25–57, ISSN (Online) 1932-0183, ISSN (Print) 2194-6094, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bis-2014-0009.

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