Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Basic Income Studies

Ed. by Haagh, Anne-Louise / Howard, Michael


CiteScore 2018: 0.47

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.111
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.053

Online
ISSN
1932-0183
See all formats and pricing
More options …

The Politics of the Basic Income Guarantee: Analysing Individual Support in Europe

Tim Vlandas
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Social Policy and Intervention, St Antony's college, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 2JD, United Kingdom
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2019-06-06 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bis-2018-0021

Abstract

This article analyses individual level support for a Basic Income Guarantee (BIG) using the European Social Survey. At the country level, support is highest in South and Central Eastern Europe, but variation does not otherwise seem to follow established differences between varieties of capitalisms or welfare state regimes. At the individual level, findings are broadly in line with the expectations of the political economy literature. Left-leaning individuals facing high labour market risk and/or on low incomes are more supportive of a BIG, whereas current union members are less likely to support a BIG, consistent with the insider-outsider literature. However, when controlling for confounding variables, union membership is not statistically significant, suggesting that it is not membership per se, but the characteristics of unionised workers that make them less supportive. In many countries, a coalition between centrist and left-leaning individuals therefore seems most promising, but its political feasibility depends on whether enough union members are favourable to a BIG and on the level of opposition from high income and/or conservative parts of the electorate.

Keywords: political economy; basic income guarantee; universal income; electoral politics; European Social Survey; welfare state

References

  • Arts, W., & Gelissen, J. (2002). Three worlds of welfare capitalism or more? A state-of-the-art report. Journal of European Social, 12(2), 137–158.Google Scholar

  • Beramendi, P., Häusermann, S., Kitschelt, H., & Kriesi, H. (2015). The politics of advanced capitalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Clasen, J., & Clegg, D. (2003). Unemployment protection and labour market reform in France and Great Britain in 1990s: Solidarity versus activation? Journal of Social Policy, 32(3), 361–381.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • De Wispelaere, J. (2016). Basic income in our time: Improving political prospects through policy learning? Journal of Social Policy, 45(4), 617–634.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • De Wispelaere, J., & Stirton, L. (2012). The politics of unconditional basic income: Bringing bureaucracy back in. Political Studiesi, 61(4), 915–932.Google Scholar

  • Emmenegger, P., & Davidsson, J. (2013). Defending the organisation, not the members: Unions and the reform of job security legislation in Western Europe. European Journal of Political Research, 52(3), 339–363.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Esping-Andersen, G. (1990). The three worlds of welfare capitalism. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar

  • ESS (2016) European social survey round 8 data. Data file edition 2.0. NSD - Norwegian Centre for Research Data, Norway – Data Archive and distributor of ESS data for ESS ERIC.Google Scholar

  • Ferrera, M. (1996). The ‘Southern Model’ of Welfare in Social Europe. Journal of European Social Policy, 6(1), 17–37.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Forum. (2017). Universal basic income: The promise vs the practicalities, Forum. Intereconomics, 52(March/April), 2.Google Scholar

  • Gordon, J. (2015). Protecting the unemployed: Varieties of unionism and the evolution of unemployment benefits and active labor market policy in the rich democracies. Socio-Economic Review, 13(1), 79–99.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Guo, G., & Zhao, H. X. (2000). Multilevel modeling for binary data. Annual Review of Sociology, 26, 441–462.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hall, P., & Soskice, D. (2001). Varieties of capitalism the institutional foundations of comparative advantage. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Hassel, A. (2017). Unconditional basic income is a dead end. In P. Van Parijs (Eds.), Basic Income and the Left: A European Debate. Social Europe. https://www.socialeurope.eu/book/basic-income-and-the-left-a-european-debate.

  • Hausermann, S., Kurer, T., & Schwander, H. (2015). High-skilled outsiders? Labour market vulnerability, education and welfare state preferences. Socio-Economic Review, 13(2), 235–258.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Huber, E., & Stephens, J. D. (2001). Development and crisis of the welfare state. Parties and policies in global markets. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar

  • Kay, J. (2017). The basics of basic income. InterEconomics, 52(2), (March/April), 69–74.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Knotz, C. M. (2012) ‘Measuring the ‘New Balance of Rights and Responsibilities’ in labor market policy: A quantitative overview of activation strategies in 20 OECD countries’, Zes working paper, number 6. Bremen University.Google Scholar

  • Marx, P., & Picot, G. (2013). The party preferences of atypical workers in Germany. Journal of European Social Policy, 23(2), 164–178.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Pierson, P. (2001). The new politics of the welfare state. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Pontusson, J. (2013). Unionization, inequality and redistribution. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 51(4), 797–825.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Rehm, P. (2011). Social policy by popular demand. World Politics, 63(2), 271–299.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Rueda, D. (2007). Social democracy inside out. Partisanship and labour market policy in industrialised democracies. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Smedley, S. (2017) ‘Half of UK adults would support universal basic income in principle’, IPSOS Moris. Accessed in April 2018 at: https://www.ipsos.com/ipsos-mori/en-uk/half-uk-adults-would-support-universal-basic-income-principle

  • Svallfors, S. (1997). Worlds of welfare and attitudes to redistribution: A comparison of eight western nations. European Sociological Review, 13(3), 283–304.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Van Parijs, P. (2017). Basic income and the left: A European debate. Social Europe. https://www.socialeurope.eu/book/basic-income-and-the-left-a-european-debate.

  • Van Parijs, P., & Vanderborght, Y. (2017). Basic income: A radical proposal for a free society and a Sane economy. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar

  • Van Vliet, O., & Caminada, K. (2012) ‘Unemployment replacement rates dataset among 34 welfare states 1971-2009: An update, extension and modification of the Scruggs’ welfare state entitlements data set’, NEUJOBS Special Report No. 2, Leiden University.Google Scholar

  • Vlandas, T. (2013a). Mixing apples with oranges? Partisanship and active labour market policies in Europe. Journal of European Social Policy, 23(3), 3–20.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Vlandas, T. (2013b). The politics of temporary work regulation in Western Europe: Solving the French Puzzle. Politics and Society, 41(3), 425–460.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Vlandas, T. (2016) ‘Coordination, inclusiveness and wage inequality between median and bottom income workers’, Comparative European Politics. First online 23 May 2016.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2019-06-06


Citation Information: Basic Income Studies, Volume 14, Issue 1, 20180021, ISSN (Online) 1932-0183, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bis-2018-0021.

Export Citation

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in