Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Baltic Journal of Law & Politics

A Journal of Vytautas Magnus University

2 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 0.13

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.102
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.276

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2029-0454
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Winston Churchill And The European Union

David Ramiro Troitiño / Archil Chochia
Published Online: 2015-10-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bjlp-2015-0011

Abstract

Given Winston Churchill’s influence and achievement as a writer, historian, adventurer, soldier, artist, and politician, his participation in the European integration process is crucial to understanding the entire scope of the project in its origins. Churchill was a fundamental voice promoting the Franco-British Union, a promoter of the European Communities, and an active participant of the Congress of Europe, embryo of the Council of Europe. This article analyzes Churchill’s view of European integration through his political speeches, in particular those delivered in Zurich and in The Hague, his ideas about the League of Nations and the United Nations, his understanding of the British Empire, and the special relations between the UK and the USA. His participation in the process of uniting Europe in its early stages provides us with essential information about the original plans for the creation of a united Europe and understanding the traditional British approach to the EU, including the current position of the conservative government led by Cameron.

Keywords: Churchill; British Euroscepticism; European integration; EFTA; the Council of Europe; European cooperation

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • 1. Addison, Paul. “The Political Beliefs of Winston Churchill.” Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 30 (1980): 23–47.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 2. Aitken, Norman D. “The Effect of the EEC and EFTA on European Trade: A Temporal Cross-Section Analysis.” The American Economic Review (1973): 881–892.Google Scholar

  • 3. Alldritt, Keith. Churchill the Writer: His Life as a Man of Letters. London: Hutchinson, 1992.Google Scholar

  • 4. Browne, Anthony Montague. Long Sunset: Memoirs of Winston Churchill’s Last Private Secretary. Cassell, 1995.Google Scholar

  • 5. Bruyning, Lucas. “The United States of Europe: An Italian Invention?” Yearbook of European Studies 3 (1990): 55–66.Google Scholar

  • 6. Cannadine, David. The Aristocratic Adventurer. Vol. 62. Penguin, 2005.Google Scholar

  • 7. Carter, Violet Bonham. Winston Churchill: An Intimate Portrait. Harcourt, Brace & World, 1965.Google Scholar

  • 8. Charmley, John. Churchill: The End of Glory: A Political Biography. Faber & Faber, 2014.Google Scholar

  • 9. Churchill, Winston S. A History of the English-Speaking Peoples Vol. 1: The Birth of Britain. Vol. 1. Rosetta Books, 2013.Google Scholar

  • 10. Churchill, Winston S. Never Give In!: Winston Churchill's Speeches. A&C Black, 2013.Google Scholar

  • 11. Churchill, Winston S. Painting as a Pastime. Rosetta Books, 2014.Google Scholar

  • 12. Churchill, Winston, and Robert Rhodes James. Winston S. Churchill: His Complete Speeches, 1897-1963. Chelsea House Publications, 1974.Google Scholar

  • 13. Churchill, Winston, ed. The Great Republic: A History of America. Random House LLC, 2001.Google Scholar

  • 14. Churchill, Winston. “Sinews of Peace (Iron Curtain Speech).” Westminster College, Fulton, Missouri/ABD 5 (1946).Google Scholar

  • 15. Churchill, Winston. “Speech at a Conservative Mass Meeting, Llandudno, 9 October 1948”: 417–418. In: Randolph S. Churchill, ed. Europe Unite–Speeches (1947).Google Scholar

  • 16. Churchill, Winston. “Speech at Harvard University, 6 September 1943.” Onwards to Victory (1944).Google Scholar

  • 17. Churchill, Winston. “Speech to the Academic Youth.” Zürich, Switzerland (1946).Google Scholar

  • 18. Churchill, Winston. “Speech to the House of Commons.” The Official Report, House of Commons (5th Series) 444 (1947): 206–207.Google Scholar

  • 19. Churchill, Winston. Europe Unites: The Story of the Campaign for European Unity, Including a Full Report of the Congress of Europe Held at The Hague, May, 1948. London: Hollis & Carter, 1949.Google Scholar

  • 20. Churchill, Winston. The Second World War. Vol. 3. Houghton Mifflin, 1950.Google Scholar

  • 21. Churchill, Winston. The World Crisis. Vol. 1. Scribner, 1963.Google Scholar

  • 22. Coombs, David, Minnie Churchill, and Winston Churchill. Sir Winston Churchill: His life and His Paintings. Running Press, 2004.Google Scholar

  • 23. D’Este, Carlo. Warlord: The Fighting Life of Winston Churchill, from Soldier to Statesman. Penguin, 2010.Google Scholar

  • 24. Dinan, Desmond. Europe Recast: A History of European Union. Vol. 373. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.Google Scholar

  • 25. Duchin, Brian R. “The ‘Agonizing Reappraisal’: Eisenhower, Dulles, and the European Defense Community.” Diplomatic History Vol. 16, No. 2 (1992): 201–221.Google Scholar

  • 26. Dutton, David. Anthony Eden: A Life and Reputation. London: Arnold, 1997.Google Scholar

  • 27. Eden, Anthony. The Reckoning: The Memoirs of Anthony Eden, Earl of Avon. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1965.Google Scholar

  • 28. Evans, Harold. Downing Street Diary: The Macmillan Years, 1957-1963. Hodder & Stoughton, 1981.Google Scholar

  • 29. Gibilaro, Massimo. “Winston Churchill: A Founder of the European Union.” Neweuropeans.net (2013).Google Scholar

  • 30. Giddens, Anthony. “Un continent turbulent i podereós: quin és el futur d'Europa?” [A turbulent and powerful continent: what is the future of Europe?]. Eines per a l'esquerra nacional Vol. 20, No. 20 (2014).Google Scholar

  • 31. Gilbert, Martin. Churchill: A Life. Macmillan, 1992.Google Scholar

  • 32. Gilbert, Martin. Churchill's Political Philosophy. Vol. 1980. Oxford University Press, 1981.Google Scholar

  • 33. Hayton, Richard. “Towards the Mainstream? UKIP and the 2009 Elections to the European Parliament.” Politics Vol. 30, No. 1 (2010): 26–35.Google Scholar

  • 34. Hughes, E. J. “Winston Churchill and the Formation of the United Nations Organization.” Journal of Contemporary History (1974): 177–194.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 35. Jenkins, Roy. Churchill. Pan Macmillan, 2012.Google Scholar

  • 36. Kunz, Josef L. “Treaty Establishing the European Defense Community.” American Journal of International Law (1953): 275–281.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 37. Lord, Christopher. “Sovereign or Confused? The ‘Great Debate’ about British Entry to the European Community 20 Years On.” JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies Vol. 30, No. 4 (1992): 419–436.Google Scholar

  • 38. Mauter, Wendell R. “Churchill and the Unification of Europe.” Historian Vol. 61, No. 1 (1998): 67–84.Google Scholar

  • 39. Mitrany, David. “The Prospect of Integration: Federal or Functional.” JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies Vol. 4, No. 2 (1965): 119–149.Google Scholar

  • 40. Moravcsik, Andrew. “Preferences and Power in the European Community: A Liberal Intergovernmentalist Approach.” JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies Vol. 31, No. 4 (1993): 473–524.Google Scholar

  • 41. Pedersen, Thomas. European Union and the EFTA Countries. Enlargement and Integration. Pinter, 1994.Google Scholar

  • 42. Ramiro Troitiño, David. “De Gaulle and the European Communities.” Proceedings of the Institute for European Studies. Tallinn University of Technology No. 4 (2008): 139–152.Google Scholar

  • 43. Ramiro Troitiño, David. “Margaret Thatcher and the EU.” Baltic Journal of European Studies No. 6 (2009): 124–150.Google Scholar

  • 44. Ramiro Troitiño, David. “The British Position towards European Integration: A Different Economic and Political Approach.” Baltic Journal of European Studies Vol. 4, No. 1 (2014): 119–136.Google Scholar

  • 45. Ramiro Troitiño, David. European Integration: Building Europe. Nova Publishers, 2013.Google Scholar

  • 46. Rasor, Eugene L. Winston S. Churchill, 1874-1965: A Comprehensive Historiography and Annotated Bibliography. Vol. 6. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000.Google Scholar

  • 47. Russell, Douglas. Winston Churchill: Soldier: The Military Life of a Gentleman at War. Conway, 2006.Google Scholar

  • 48. Schuman, Frederick L. “The Council of Europe.” American Political Science Review Vol. 45, No. 03 (1951): 724–740.Google Scholar

  • 49. Shlaim, Avi. “Prelude to Downfall: The British Offer of Union to France, June 1940.” Journal of Contemporary History (1974): 27–63.Google Scholar

  • 50. Spinelli, Altiero. Towards the European Union. Vol. 6. Florence: European University Institute, 1983.Google Scholar

  • 51. Thompson, Reginald William. Generalissimo Churchill. Scribner Book Company, 1973.Google Scholar

  • 52. Walton, Clarence C. “Background for the European Defense Community.” Political Science Quarterly (1953): 42–69.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 53. Young, John W. “Churchill’s ‘no’ to Europe: The ‘Rejection’ of European Union by Churchill’s Post-War Government, 1951–1952.” The Historical Journal Vol. 28, No. 04 (1985): 923–937.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2015-05-04

Accepted: 2015-07-22

Published Online: 2015-10-05

Published in Print: 2015-06-01


Citation Information: Baltic Journal of Law & Politics, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 55–81, ISSN (Online) 2029-0454, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bjlp-2015-0011.

Export Citation

© David Ramiro Troitiño et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in