Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management

1 Issue per year

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Lessor’s Status in Land Consolidation in Europe – Reports From Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Latvia and Estonia

Kimmo Sulonen / Seija Kotilainen
Published Online: 2016-03-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bjreecm-2015-0007


The purpose of this research was to investigate a landowner’s status as a lessor in land consolidation on agricultural areas in Europe. The research was based on surveys designed for land consolidation experts from Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Latvia, Estonia and statistical data of the areas. The lease of agricultural land is common in Europe. However, there are differences related to how common the lease is and what the rental value of land is. The variation is based on factors such as differences in the markets, historical development of the agricultural lands and current legislation. The lessors have rights as landowners in land consolidation, but in case the land is used by third parties, lessor’s status is more limited compared to other landowners’. Similarly the costs of land consolidation typically are paid by landowners, not by users. The lessors are commonly indifferent and suspicious about the land consolidation. They are occasionally suspicious, especially before or at the beginning of the process, but later on they seem to be less suspicious. The lessors’ experience of land consolidation is based commonly on a fear of additional costs for their investment.

Keywords : Land consolidation; landowner; leaseholder; lessor; survey study


  • Auzina-Emsina, A., & Ozolina, V. (2013). Export, Industrial Productivity and International Competitiveness: A Case of Latvia. Economics and Business, 24, 14-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.7250/eb.2013.002CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Agrarbericht. Agricultural Report 2012. (2012). Bavarian State Ministry for Food, Agriculture and Forestry - orig. Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten (StMELF). Retrieved from http://www.agrarbericht-2012.bayern.de/tabellen-karten/schaubilder.html Google Scholar

  • CBS. Agricultural area in tenancy and ownership, 1970-2007. (2007). Statistics Netherlands - orig. Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek, source: CBS. Retrieved from http://www.cbs.nl/nl-NL/menu/themas/landbouw/cijfers/incidenteel/maatwerk/2008-pachtgrond-maatwerk.htm Google Scholar

  • Ciaian, P., Kancs, d’Artis, Swinnen, J., Van Herck, K., Vranken, L. (2012). Rental Market Regulations for Agricultural Land in EU Member States and Candidate Countries. - Factor markets Coordination: Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS). No. 15, February 2012. ISBN 978-94-6138-154-5. Retrieved from http://aei.pitt.edu/58518/1/Factor_Markets_15.pdf Google Scholar

  • Demetriou, D. Stillwell, J. See, L. (2013). A new methodology for measuring land fragmentation. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 39, 71-80. ISSN 0198-9715Google Scholar

  • DBV. Situation report 2014/15 trends and figures for agriculture - (orig. Situationsbericht 2014/15 trends und fakten zur landwirtschaft). (2014). German Farmer's Association (Deutscher Bauernverband). 24. November 2014. ISBN 978-3-9812770-6-7Google Scholar

  • Derlich, F. TS 7.4 Land Consolidation: A Key for Sustainable Development - French Experience. - FIG XXII International Congress. Washington, D.C. USA, April 2002. 19-26.Google Scholar

  • EU. (1987). Laying down detailed rules for the establishment of a Community vineyard register. - European Union, Commission Regulation (EEC) No. 649/87, 3 March 1987. Retrieved from http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:31987R0649:EN:HTML Google Scholar

  • EU. (2012). The Common Agricultural Policy - Luxembourg, Publications Office of the European Union. European Union. 2012. ISBN 978-92-79-23265-7. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/50-years-of-cap/files/history/history_book_lr_en.pdfGoogle Scholar

  • Eurostat. Statistical office of the European communities. (2015). EUROSTAT: General and regional statistics. - Luxembourg. Publications Office of the European Union.Google Scholar

  • LCDoC. Natural Resources and Environment (2015). Republic of Cyprus, Ministry of Agriculture. Land Consolidation Department. Retrieved from http://www.moa.gov.cy/moa/lcd/lcd.nsf/dmlmission_en/dmlmission_en?OpenDocument Google Scholar

  • Micurova, V. (2005). Latvia case study - Land consolidation. - Ministry of Agriculture, Latvia, Deputy Head of Rural Development Department.Google Scholar

  • Myyrä, S. (2009). Land leasing and agricultural productivity in Finland. Helsingin yliopisto, maatalous-metsätieteellinen tiedekunta, taloustieteen laitos. Doctoral dissertation. Tampereen yliopiston kirjapaino Juvenes print Oy. Tampere. ISBN 978-952-487-246-1 (print). ISBN 978-952-487-246-1 (PDF).Google Scholar

  • NLS. (2013). Property sales statistics 2013 - Official Statistics of Finland. Helsinki 2013, ISBN 978-951-48-0241-6, ISSN 1799-6244. Retrieved from http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/sites/default/files/kiinteistojen_kauppahintatilasto_2013.pdf Google Scholar

  • RDB. (2006). Rural Development in Bavaria. Voluntary land exchange. Publisher: Bavarian Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. Rural Development. München.Google Scholar

  • Saarnilehto, A. (2006). Tenancy law. Principles and special regulation. WSOYpro. Helsinki. ISBN 951-0-31161-8.Google Scholar

  • Silvis, H. J. van der Meer en, R. W. Voskuilen, M. J. (2014). Pachtnormen 2014 - Berekening hoogst toelaatbare pachtprijzen voor los land, agrarische bedrijfsgebouwen en agrarische woningen. (eng. Lease Standards 2014 - Calculating maximum allowable rents for loose land, farm buildings and agricultural dwellings). Wageningen, LEI Wageningen UR (University & Research centre).Google Scholar

  • Sulonen. K. (2014). Vuokranantajan asema tilusjärjestelysssä. Institute of Real Estate Studies. Aalto University. Master's thesis. Espoo. URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201404161688.Google Scholar

  • Sulonen, K. Kotilainen, S. (2016). Lessor’s status on land consolidation in Finland. Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research (NJSR). 11(1).Google Scholar

  • Vitikainen, A. (2003). Development of the Land Consolidation Procedure. orig. Uusjakojen toimitusmenettelyn uudistamisesta. Publication of Real Estate and Economics studies. A 32. Helsinki University of technology. Doctoral dissertation. Espoo. ISBN 951-22-6530-3 (print), ISBN 951-22-6531-1 (PDF).Google Scholar

  • Vitikainen, A. (2004). An Overview of Land Consolidation in Europe. Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research, (NJSR), 1/2004. 26-44.Google Scholar

  • Ylikangas, V. Peltotilusjärjestelyjen tarve ja mahdollisuudet Suomessa. Maanmittauslaitos. Publications of National Land survey of Finland number 95. ISBN 951-48-0180-6, ISSN 1236-5084. Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2016-03-05

Published in Print: 2015-12-01

Citation Information: Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 56–71, ISSN (Online) 2255-9671, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bjreecm-2015-0007.

Export Citation

© 2016. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Public License. BY 4.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in