Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management

1 Issue per year

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Social Partner Involvement in Latvia Special Economic Zones

Ivo Gulbis / Sanda Geipele
Published Online: 2016-12-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bjreecm-2016-0011


With increasing global competitiveness, countries must have instruments to attract and keep businesses. One way involves attracting a core of foreign investors with the help of special economic zones (SEZs) and integrating them in local economy, causing industrial clustering. The aim of this research is to lay the groundwork for a comprehensive analysis of clustering potential in Latvia via its special economic zones. The empirical research relied on survey results conducted among 27 business associations with the combined member count of over one thousand businesses, operating in 12 broad fields. Initial results gathered from the 24 organizations that responded to the interview questions show that there is a very low degree of involvement in the SEZ by various social partners. This shows that something has gone awry in the way SEZ operate in Latvia and has led to a lot of missed opportunities from both sides.

Keywords: Cluster; cooperation; social partners; special economic zones (SEZ)


  • Argüelles, M., Benavides, C., & Fernández, I. (2014). A new approach to the identification of regional clusters: hierarchical clustering on principal components. Applied Economics, 46(21), 2511-2519. https://doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2014.904491CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Chen, M. H., Wang, H. Y., Chang, Y. Y., & Hung, A. (2014). Knowledge sharing, social capital and firm performance in technological clusters of Taiwan Science Parks: An innovation strategy perspective. 2014 Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology, PICMET 2014, 1040-1054. Retrieved from http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84910128544&partnerID=40&md5=30cdb94c178f6643b305c4c69e5c9fe0Google Scholar

  • Hsu, M.-S., Lai, Y.-L., & Lin, F.-J. (2013). Effects of Industry Clusters on Company Competitiveness: Special Economic Zones in Taiwan. Review of Pacific Basin Financial Markets and Policies, 16(3), 1350017. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0219091513500173CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ingstrup, M. B., & Damgaard, T. (2011). Cluster Facilitation from a Cluster Life Cycle Perspective. IMP 2011 Conference, 21(4), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1080/09654313.2012.722953CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Koszarek, M. (2014). Supporting the development of clusters in Poland - dilemmas faced by public policy. Prace Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego We Wrocławiu, (365). https://doi.org/10.15611/pn.2014.365.08Google Scholar

  • Kulakova, N., & Volkova, T. (2013). Evaluation of Cluster Policy in Latvia. Journal of Business Management, (7), 83-92. Retrieved from http://0-search.ebscohost.com.millenium.itesm.mx/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=93708118&site=ehost-live&scope=site Google Scholar

  • Littvova, V. (2014). The Slovak Republic Regional Development through Cluster Iniciative. Creative and Knowledge Society, 4(2). https://doi.org/10.2478/cks-2014-0009CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Maticiuc, L. (2014). Top-Down and Bottom-Up Cluster Initiatives in Europe, 14(1), 205-212.Google Scholar

  • Skålholt, A., & Thune, T. (2013). Coping with Economic Crises-The Role of Clusters. European Planning Studies, 22(10), 1993-2010. https://doi.org/10.1080/09654313.2013.813909CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Slaper, T., & Ortuzar, G. (2015). Industry Clusters and Economic Development. Indiana Business Review, 7-9.Google Scholar

  • Tracey, P., Heide, J. B., Bell, S. J., & Governance, P. (2014). Bringing “ Place ” Back In : Regional Clusters, Project Governance, and New Product Outcomes. Journal of Marketing, 78(November), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1509/jm.13.0524CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Zeng, D. Z. (2015). Global Experiences with Special Economic Zones Focus on China and Africa. World Bank Policy Research Paper, (WPS7240), 1-17. Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2016-12-13

Published in Print: 2016-11-01

Citation Information: Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 145–152, ISSN (Online) 2255-9671, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bjreecm-2016-0011.

Export Citation

© 2016. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in