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Merhof, Dorit

Biomedical Engineering / Biomedizinische Technik

Joint Journal of the German Society for Biomedical Engineering in VDE and the Austrian and Swiss Societies for Biomedical Engineering and the German Society of Biomaterials

Editor-in-Chief: Dössel, Olaf

Editorial Board: Augat, Peter / Habibović, Pamela / Haueisen, Jens / Jahnen-Dechent, Wilhelm / Jockenhoevel, Stefan / Knaup-Gregori, Petra / Leonhardt, Steffen / Plank, Gernot / Radermacher, Klaus M. / Schkommodau, Erik / Stieglitz, Thomas / Boenick, Ulrich / Jaramaz, Branislav / Kraft, Marc / Lenarz, Thomas / Lenthe, Harry / Lo, Benny / Mainardi, Luca / Micera, Silvestro / Penzel, Thomas / Robitzki, Andrea A. / Schaeffter, Tobias / Snedeker, Jess G. / Sörnmo, Leif / Sugano, Nobuhiko / Werner, Jürgen /

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.007
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.390

CiteScore 2018: 1.24

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.282
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.831

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Volume 63, Issue 1


Volume 57 (2012)

OR.NET: a service-oriented architecture for safe and dynamic medical device interoperability

Martin KasparickORCID iD: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0577-8463 / Malte Schmitz
  • Institute for Software Engineering and Programming Languages, University of Lübeck, 23562 Lübeck, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Björn AndersenORCID iD: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4547-7438 / Max Rockstroh
  • Innovation Center Computer Assisted Surgery (ICCAS), University of Leipzig, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Stefan Franke
  • Innovation Center Computer Assisted Surgery (ICCAS), University of Leipzig, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Stefan Schlichting / Frank GolatowskiORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0848-7784 / Dirk TimmermannORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9267-9695
Published Online: 2018-01-18 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bmt-2017-0020


Modern surgical departments are characterized by a high degree of automation supporting complex procedures. It recently became apparent that integrated operating rooms can improve the quality of care, simplify clinical workflows, and mitigate equipment-related incidents and human errors. Particularly using computer assistance based on data from integrated surgical devices is a promising opportunity. However, the lack of manufacturer-independent interoperability often prevents the deployment of collaborative assistive systems. The German flagship project OR.NET has therefore developed, implemented, validated, and standardized concepts for open medical device interoperability. This paper describes the universal OR.NET interoperability concept enabling a safe and dynamic manufacturer-independent interconnection of point-of-care (PoC) medical devices in the operating room and the whole clinic. It is based on a protocol specifically addressing the requirements of device-to-device communication, yet also provides solutions for connecting the clinical information technology (IT) infrastructure. We present the concept of a service-oriented medical device architecture (SOMDA) as well as an introduction to the technical specification implementing the SOMDA paradigm, currently being standardized within the IEEE 11073 service-oriented device connectivity (SDC) series. In addition, the Session concept is introduced as a key enabler for safe device interconnection in highly dynamic ensembles of networked medical devices; and finally, some security aspects of a SOMDA are discussed.

Keywords: computer-assisted surgery; digital operating room; IEEE 11073 SDC; integrated operating room; medical device interoperability; open medical device communication standards; OR.NET; safety and security of medical devices; service-oriented medical device architecture (SOMDA)


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About the article

Received: 2017-02-19

Accepted: 2017-10-12

Published Online: 2018-01-18

Published in Print: 2018-02-23

Research funding: This work has been partially funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) as part of the OR.NET project. Grand numbers: 16KT1235, 16KT1236, 16KT1238, 16KT1239.

Citation Information: Biomedical Engineering / Biomedizinische Technik, Volume 63, Issue 1, Pages 11–30, ISSN (Online) 1862-278X, ISSN (Print) 0013-5585, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bmt-2017-0020.

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