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Merhof, Dorit

Biomedical Engineering / Biomedizinische Technik

Joint Journal of the German Society for Biomedical Engineering in VDE and the Austrian and Swiss Societies for Biomedical Engineering and the German Society of Biomaterials

Editor-in-Chief: Dössel, Olaf

Editorial Board: Augat, Peter / Habibović, Pamela / Haueisen, Jens / Jahnen-Dechent, Wilhelm / Jockenhoevel, Stefan / Knaup-Gregori, Petra / Leonhardt, Steffen / Plank, Gernot / Radermacher, Klaus M. / Schkommodau, Erik / Stieglitz, Thomas / Boenick, Ulrich / Jaramaz, Branislav / Kraft, Marc / Lenarz, Thomas / Lenthe, Harry / Lo, Benny / Mainardi, Luca / Micera, Silvestro / Penzel, Thomas / Robitzki, Andrea A. / Schaeffter, Tobias / Snedeker, Jess G. / Sörnmo, Leif / Sugano, Nobuhiko / Werner, Jürgen /

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.007
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.390

CiteScore 2018: 1.24

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.282
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.831

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Volume 63, Issue 1


Volume 57 (2012)

OpenICE medical device interoperability platform overview and requirement analysis

David Arney / Jeffrey Plourde / Julian M. Goldman
  • Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-07-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bmt-2017-0040


We give an overview of OpenICE, an open source implementation of the ASTM standard F2761 for the Integrated Clinical Environment (ICE) that leverages medical device interoperability, together with an analysis of the clinical and non-functional requirements and community process that inspired its design.

Keywords: interoperability; medical applications; patient safety; platform; requirements engineering


  • [1]

    Arney D, Fischmeister S, Goldman JM, Lee I, Trausmuth R. Plug-and-play for medical devices: experiences from a case study. Biomed Instrum Technol 2009; 43: 313–317.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [2]

    Arney D, Goldman J, Lee I, Llukacej E, Whitehead S. Use case demonstration: X-ray/ventilator. In: High confidence medical devices, software, and systems and medical device plug-and-play interoperability, 2007: 160.Google Scholar

  • [3]

    Arney D, Goldman JM, Whitehead SF, Lee I. Synchronizing an X-ray and anesthesia machine ventilator: a medical device interoperability case study. In: BIODEVICES 2009 – Proceedings of the International Conference on Biomedical Electronics and Devices, INSTICC, Porto, Portugal, January 14–17, 2009: 52–60.Google Scholar

  • [4]

    Arney D, Goldman JM, Whitehead SF, Lee I. Improving patient safety with X-ray and anesthesia machine ventilator synchronization: a medical device interoperability case study. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer 2010: 96–109.Google Scholar

  • [5]

    Arney D, Jetley R, Jones P, Lee I, Sokolsky O. Formal methods based development of a PCA infusion pump reference model: Generic Infusion Pump (GIP) project. In: HCMDSS-MDPNP ’07: Proceedings of the 2007 joint workshop on high confidence medical devices, software, and systems and medical device plug-and-play interoperability. Washington, DC, USA: IEEE Computer Society 2007: 23–33.Google Scholar

  • [6]

    Arney D, Plourde J, Schrenker R, Mattegunta P, Whitehead SF, Goldman JM. Design pillars for medical cyber-physical system middleware. In: 5th workshop on medical cyber-physical systems, MCPS 2014, Berlin, Germany, April 14, 2014: 124–132.Google Scholar

  • [7]

    Arney D, Venkatasubramanian K, Sokolsky O, Lee I. Biomedical devices and systems security. In: Proc. of 33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC ’11), September 2011.Google Scholar

  • [8]

    ASTM F2761-09 (2013) Medical Devices and Medical Systems – Essential safety requirements for equipment comprising the patient-centric integrated clinical environment (ICE) – Part 1: General requirements and conceptual model. http://www.astm.org/Standards/F2761.htm.

  • [9]

    King A, Arney D, Lee I, Sokolsky O, Hatcliff J, Procter S. Prototyping closed loop physiologic control with the medical device coordination framework. In: 2nd workshop on Software Engineering in Health Care SEHC 2010, May 2010.Google Scholar

  • [10]

    M. I. Program. OpenICE software repository. http://mdpnp.org/MD_PnP_Program___OpenICE.html, March 2014.

  • [11]

    O. M. Group. Data distribution service (DDS). http://portals.omg.org/dds/, March 2014.

  • [12]

    Pajic M, Mangharam R, Sokolsky O, Arney D, Goldman JM, Lee I. Model-driven safety analysis of closed-loop medical systems. IEEE Trans Ind Inform 2014; 10: 3–16.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [13]

    Plourde J, Arney D, Goldman JM. Openice: an open, interoperable platform for medical cyber-physical systems. In: ACM/IEEE International Conference on Cyber-Physical Systems, ICCPS, Berlin, Germany, April 14–17, 2014: 221.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2017-03-31

Accepted: 2017-06-21

Published Online: 2017-07-22

Published in Print: 2018-02-23

Research funding: Research reported in this publication was supported in part by: The National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB) of the National Institutes of Health under award number 5U01EB012470-05. And in part by Department of Defense US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, award numbers W81XWH-09-1-0705, W81XWH-12-C-0154, and W81XWH-15-C-0064.

Conflict of interest: The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. The views, opinions and/or findings contained in this report are those of the authors and should not be construed as an official Department of the Army position, policy or decision unless so designated by other documentation.

Citation Information: Biomedical Engineering / Biomedizinische Technik, Volume 63, Issue 1, Pages 39–47, ISSN (Online) 1862-278X, ISSN (Print) 0013-5585, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bmt-2017-0040.

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