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Fungal laccases as tools for biodegradation of industrial dyes

Paolo Zucca
  • Corresponding author
  • Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche, Università di Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
  • Consorzio UNO, Oristano, Italy
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Gianmarco Cocco
  • Corresponding author
  • Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche, Università di Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Francesca Sollai
  • Corresponding author
  • Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche, Università di Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
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/ Enrico Sanjust
  • Corresponding author
  • Unità di Biochimica, Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche, Complesso Universitario, 09042 Monserrato (CA) Italy
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2016-01-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/boca-2015-0007


Laccases are blue copper oxidases, found in some plants and secreted by a wide range of ligninolytic fungi. These enzymes are well known for their ability in oxidizing several organic compounds, mainly phenolics and aromatic amines, at the expenses of molecular oxygen. Therefore, they could find application in the field of enzymatic bioremediation of many industrial wastewaters, and in particular to bleach and/or detoxify dye-containing effluents. Not all industrial dyes behave as laccase substrates, but this limitation is often overcome by the judicious use of redox mediators. These could substantially widen the application range of laccases as bioremediation tools. The present study encompasses the main properties of the most used industrial dyes as related to their chemical classification, fungal laccases and their molecular and catalytic features, the use of redox mediators, limitations and perspectives of the use of fungal laccases for industrial dye bleaching.

Keywords: Laccase; textile dyes; bleaching; bioremediation


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About the article

Received: 2015-07-28

Accepted: 2015-10-05

Published Online: 2016-01-20

Citation Information: Biocatalysis, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 82–108, ISSN (Online) 2353-1746, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/boca-2015-0007.

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© 2015 Paolo Zucca, et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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