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Nanobiocatalysis: Nanostructured materials – a minireview

Magdalena de Jesús Rostro-Alanis
  • Corresponding author
  • School of Engineering and Sciences, Tecnologico de Monterrey, Av. Eugenio Garza Sada 2501 Sur, Col. Tecnológico, 64849, Monterrey, NL, México
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Elena Ivonne Mancera-Andrade
  • Corresponding author
  • School of Engineering and Sciences, Tecnologico de Monterrey, Av. Eugenio Garza Sada 2501 Sur, Col. Tecnológico, 64849, Monterrey, NL, México
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Mayra Beatriz Gómez Patiño
  • Corresponding author
  • Instituto Politécnico Nacional-CNMN, Calle, Luis Enrique Erro s/n, Unidad Profesional Adolfo López Mateos, Gustavo A, Madero 07738, México
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Daniel Arrieta-Baez
  • Corresponding author
  • Instituto Politécnico Nacional-CNMN, Calle, Luis Enrique Erro s/n, Unidad Profesional Adolfo López Mateos, Gustavo A, Madero 07738, México
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Braulio Cardenas
  • Corresponding author
  • School of Engineering and Sciences, Tecnologico de Monterrey, Av. Eugenio Garza Sada 2501 Sur, Col. Tecnológico, 64849, Monterrey, NL, México
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Sergio O. Martinez-Chapa
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California, Irvine, 92697 CA, USA
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Roberto Parra Saldívar
  • Corresponding author
  • School of Engineering and Sciences, Tecnologico de Monterrey, Av. Eugenio Garza Sada 2501 Sur, Col. Tecnológico, 64849, Monterrey, NL, México
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2016-06-03 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/boca-2016-0001


The field of nanobiocatalysis has experienced a rapid growth due to recent advances in nanotechnology. However, biocatalytic processes are often limited by the lack of stability of the enzymes and their short lifetime. Therefore, immobilization is key to the successful implementation of industrial processes based on enzymes. Immobilization of enzymes on functionalized nanostructured materials could give higher stability to nanobiocatalysts while maintaining free enzyme activity and easy recyclability under various conditions. This review will discuss recent developments in nanobiocatalysis to improve the stability of the enzyme using various nanostructured materials such as mesoporous materials, nanofibers, nanoparticles, nanotubes, and individual nanoparticles enzymes. Also, this review summarizes the recent evolution of nanostructured biocatalysts with an emphasis on those formed with polymers. Based on the synthetic procedures used, established methods fall into two important categories: “grafting onto” and “grafting from”. The fundamentals of each method in enhancing enzyme stability and the use of these new nanobiocatalysts as tools for different applications in different areas are discussed.

Keywords: nanobiocatalysis; enzymes; immobilization; nanoparticles; nanotubes; nanofibers


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About the article

Received: 2015-08-18

Accepted: 2016-04-04

Published Online: 2016-06-03

Citation Information: Biocatalysis, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 1–24, ISSN (Online) 2353-1746, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/boca-2016-0001.

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© 2016 Magdalena de Jesús Rostro-Alanis et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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Carlos Barrios-Estrada, Magdalena de Jesús Rostro-Alanis, Blanca Delia Muñoz-Gutiérrez, Hafiz M.N. Iqbal, Soundarapandian Kannan, and Roberto Parra-Saldívar
Science of The Total Environment, 2018, Volume 612, Page 1516
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Biotechnology Journal, 2017, Volume 12, Number 6, Page 1600706

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