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Botanica Marina

Editor-in-Chief: Dring, Matthew J.

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Volume 51, Issue 5


Distribution, abundance and diversity of modern dinoflagellate cyst assemblages from southern Chile (43–54° S)

Catharina Alves-de-Souza
  • 1Instituto de Biología Marina “Dr. Jürgen Winter”, Universidad Austral de Chile, P.O. Box 567, Campus Isla Teja, Valdivia, Chile and Centro “i∼mar”, Universidad de Los Lagos, Camino Chinquihue km 6, Puerto Montt, Chile
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/ Daniel Varela / Florencia Navarrete / Pamela Fernández / Pablo Leal


The distribution, abundance and diversity of modern dinoflagellate cyst assemblages were investigated in sediments from the inshore seas of southern Chile (43°08′–54°55′ S) at eight sites from April 2004 to January 2005. A total of 24 cyst types were recorded, of which 12 and five were identified at the species and genus levels, respectively. Dinoflagellate cysts were recorded from all sampling sites, but they differed in total abundance (15–270 cysts ml-1) and diversity index (H′ 0.88–2.40). Heterotrophic dinoflagellate cysts assigned to heterotrophic species were the most abundant trophic form, with 418 cysts ml-1, representing 55% of the total cyst abundance. Cluster analysis based on the abundance of dinoflagellate cyst species indicated that sampling sites were segregated into three groups likely to be related to the proportion of autotrophic vs. heterotrophic species cysts and the total abundance of cysts at each site. Distinctive cyst species composition differences among sampling sites may allow inferences about local nutrient and feeding dynamics within the water column.

Keywords: Alexandrium catenella; inshore seas; dinoflagellate cysts; recent sediments; southern Chile

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Corresponding author

Received: 2007-09-13

Accepted: 2008-08-19

Published in Print: 2008-10-01

Citation Information: Botanica Marina, Volume 51, Issue 5, Pages 399–410, ISSN (Online) 1437-4323, ISSN (Print) 0006-8055, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/BOT.2008.052.

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