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Botanica Marina

Editor-in-Chief: Dring, Matthew


IMPACT FACTOR 2015: 1.250

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.608
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.664
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 1.324

249,00 € / $374.00 / £187.00*

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1437-4323
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Defenses of polar macroalgae against herbivores and biofoulers

Charles D. Amsler1 / Katrin Iken2 / James B. McClintock1 / Bill J. Baker3

1Department of Biology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294-1170, USA

2Institute of Marine Science, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775-7220, USA

3Department of Chemistry, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33620, USA

Corresponding author

Citation Information: Botanica Marina. Volume 52, Issue 6, Pages 535–545, ISSN (Online) 1437-4323, ISSN (Print) 0006-8055, DOI: 10.1515/BOT.2009.070, December 2009

Publication History

Received:
2008-12-02
Accepted:
2009-03-31

Abstract

Chemical defenses against herbivores are common in macroalgae from Antarctica, particularly in those species that typically dominate benthic communities. Conversely, although little studied, chemical defenses do not appear to be as important in the ecological relationships of Arctic macroalgae. Mesoherbivory may be particularly heavy in Antarctic macroalgal communities, but Antarctic macroalgae produce chemical defenses against both mesoherbivores and macroherbivores. Antarctic macroalgae have been useful in testing and extending chemical defense theories. While physical defenses may also be important in some Antarctic macroalgal-herbivore relationships, particularly with respect to mesoherbivores, physical defenses do not appear to have wide-spread importance against macroherbivores. In Arctic macroalgae, physical defenses may be of more overall importance in reducing mesoherbivory. Antarctic macroalgae also produce compounds with the potential to control biofouling by sympatric microalgae.

Keywords: Antarctica; Arctic; chemical ecology; herbivory

Citing Articles

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[1]
C. Angulo-Preckler, T. Spurkland, C. Avila, and K. Iken
Polar Biology, 2015
[2]
Ruth E. McDowell, Charles D. Amsler, James B. McClintock, and Bill J. Baker
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 2014, Volume 458, Page 34
[3]
Maria Teresa Cabrita, Carlos Vale, and Amélia Pilar Rauter
Marine Drugs, 2010, Volume 8, Number 8, Page 2301
[4]
Charles D. Amsler, James B. McClintock, Bill J. Baker, and M. Graham
Journal of Phycology, 2014, Volume 50, Number 1, Page 1
[5]
MO Amsler, CD Amsler, JL von Salm, CF Aumack, JB McClintock, RM Young, and BJ Baker
Marine Ecology Progress Series, 2013, Volume 490, Page 79
[6]
Jonathan D. Craft, Valerie J. Paul, and Erik E. Sotka
Ecology, 2013, Volume 94, Number 1, Page 18
[7]
Charles D. Amsler, James B. McClintock, and Bill J. Baker
Polar Biology, 2012, Volume 35, Number 2, Page 171
[8]
Susanne Becker, María Liliana Quartino, Gabriela Laura Campana, Philip Bucolo, Christian Wiencke, and Kai Bischof
Antarctic Science, 2011, Volume 23, Number 05, Page 419
[9]
Dagmar B. Stengel, Solène Connan, and Zoë A. Popper
Biotechnology Advances, 2011, Volume 29, Number 5, Page 483
[10]
Hannah Halm, Ulrike H. Lüder, and Christian Wiencke
European Journal of Phycology, 2011, Volume 46, Number 1, Page 16
[11]
Craig F. Aumack, Charles D. Amsler, James B. McClintock, and Bill J. Baker
Journal of Phycology, 2011, Volume 47, Number 1, Page 36
[12]
Christian Wiencke and Margaret N. Clayton
Botanica Marina, 2009, Volume 52, Number 6
[13]
Valerie J. Paul, Raphael Ritson-Williams, and Koty Sharp
Nat. Prod. Rep., 2011, Volume 28, Number 2, Page 345
[14]
J. B. McClintock, C. D. Amsler, and B. J. Baker
Integrative and Comparative Biology, 2010, Volume 50, Number 6, Page 967

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